Espaigne, Espaingne, Espagne, Spayn, Spayne, Spyan
During the “Arthurian period”, Spain was ruled by Visigoths.
In the chronicles, Spain is under Roman control, and its king, Alifatima or Meodras, joins Lucius in the war against Arthur. In Wolfram’s Parzival, it is ruled by King Kaylet. Der Pleier, in Tandareis and Flordibel, names Spain as one of Arthur’s allies. In Claris et Laris, Spain is ruled by Savari and then Sir Claris.
Its most important role comes in the Icelandic Saga af Tristram ok Ísodd, where it is named as Tristan’s homeland. It’s king, Hlöòvir, was slain during an invasion. Tristan’s grandfather, Patrocles, took control, but was soon killed, leaving it to Kalegras, Tristan’s father. Kalegras also died, and Tristan’s foster-father, Biring, took the throne. Biring was expelled by a pirate king named Turnes. Eventually, Tristan (Tristram) re-conquered it and served as king until his death.
Compostela | The Legend of King Arthur