An ancient name for Scotland.
A city, probably in Wales, but lost to modern geographers. The only Arthurian association with the city comes in Culhwch and Olwen, where Arthurís chief gatekeeper, Glewlwyd, says that he was in Caer Brythwch, and possibly implies some Arthurian involvement. The larger legend to which this remark likely refers is lost to history.
Nennius mentioned this name and Barber and Pykitt wants to link it with Camelot.
Llanmelin | The Legend of King Arthur
An alternate name for Annwn, the Celtic Otherworld. The meaning of fanddwy is unknown.
'Fortress of Carousal' | Caer Feddwidd, Caer Rigor, Caer Siddi
The Fort of Carousal, which is located in the Welsh Otherworld realm of Annwfn. Caer Feddwidd is a paradisiacal realm in which a fountain runs with wine and no one ever knowns illness or old age. Later tradition says it was visited by King Arthur and his retinue..
A location on the river Dee in Merioneth, Wales, where, according to bardic tradition, Arthur and Kay was raised.
An alternate name for Annwn, the Welsh otherworld. K. Jackson (Loomis, Romance, 16) suggests "Inward City" as a translation.
An ancient name of London.
Lundein | The Legend of King Arthur
Lwndrys | The Legend of King Arthur
Caer Nefenhyr Nine-Teeth
A city, probably in Wales, but lost to modern geographers. The only Arthurian association with the city comes in Culhwch and Olwen, where Arthurís chief gatekeeper, Glewlwyd, says that he was in Caer Nefenhyr, and possibly implies some Arthurian involvement. The larger legend to which this remark likely refers is lost to history.
An alternate name for Annwn, the Celtic otherworld.
A city probably in Wales. Welsh oral tradition had it that Arthur was imprisoned in Caer Oeth for three days by Gwen Pendragon before he was transferred to another prison.
A nickname for Annwn, the Celtic otherworld. It may signify a four-cornered fortress.
Caer Feddwid, Caer Feddwidd, Caer Siddi
An alternative name for Caer Feddwidd, which is also known as Caer Siddi, or the Fort of Carousal. Though Welsh tradition states that Caer Feddwidd contains a fountain that runs with wine, and no one there knows old age, this variant would seem to suggest a realm of the dead from which there is no return.
A British city, once inhabited or visited by Arthurís chief gatekeeper Glewlwyd.
The Welsh name for the Roman fort of Segontium.
'Fairy Fortress' | Caer Feddwid, Caer Feddwidd, Caer Rigor
In the Welsh poem The Spoils of Annwn and a non-Arthurian poem in the Book of Taliesin - an alternative name for Caer Feddwidd, the Otherworld Fort of Carousal, which shares the same attribute of having a fountain that runs with wine. Welsh tradition makes Arianrhod the ruler of Caer Siddi, though Arthurian legend does not seem to mention the name of the ruler on the occasion when Arthur and his men visited the mysterious fort.
An otherwordly castle, belonging to Gwyn ap Nudd, in Annwfn. According to Preiddeu Annwn Arthur and his men plundered it.
'Fortress of Glass' | Caer Wydr
A glass fort that is located in Annwfn, the Welsh Otherworld. Later tradition says that, like Caer Feddwidd, this fort was visited by King Arthur and his company, but they were unable to make its watchman talk to them.
Fort of Glass | The Legend of King Arthur
Caer is a Welsh name for a wall or mound for defence - a city or castle wall, a fortress.
The root to this word might be cau, to shut up, to close, to fence, to enclose with a hedge. Cue means a field enclosed with hedges. When the Britons began to build cities they built a fortified wall to surround them, which were called caer.
The name Chester is a Saxonized form of the Latin castruni, a fort (and one of the few words recognised as directly inherited from the Roman invaders), is a common prefix and suffix in English place-names, such as: Colchester, Manchester, Chesterford, Chesterton. In the Danish and Anglian districts "Chester" is replaced with "caster", such as: Doncaster and Lancaster, but both forms are allied to casirum, a Latinization of the Celtic caer.