Caledon


  1. Caledon
    Aledon, Caledonia, Caledoniae, Calidoine, Calydon, Celidon, Celyddon, Cylyddon

    An ancient name for Scotland.

    Many authorities believe that this word was simply Latinised by the invading Romans (who, of course, never conquered Scotland), to give their name for the country, Caledonia.


  2. Caledon Wood
    Aledon, Caledonia, Caledoniae, Calidoine, Calydon, Celidon, Celyddon, Cylyddon

    Located either in the Scottish Caledonian Forest (Celyddon or Silva Caledoniae), or in Celidon Wood near Lincoln.

    A forest covering northern England and southern Scotland, around the area of Dumfries, Carlisle, and the river Tweed.

    In Nennius, it is the site of Arthurís seventh victorious battle against the Saxons, won by King Arthur and his ally Hoel. This seems rather far north for a fight against the Saxons, and some scholars have conjectured that, if the battle really took place, Arthur was fighting Picts allied to the Saxons rather than the Saxons themselves. Geoffrey retains the battle but changes the Saxon leader to Colgrim.

    Welsh legend has the region ruled by Cilydd. Merlin (and Lailoken) was said to have roamed through Caledon like a wild man after he had gone mad at the battle of Arfderydd.

    In the Vulgate Estoire del Saint Graal, we learn that it was the haunt of the fearsome Papagustes serpent. Inglewood, which plays a large role in several Middle English poems, was one of the forests in the Caledonian region.