Ercing is a historical region in Britain.
Ercing, also known as Archenfield, was a territorial division of the Welsh kingdom of Gwent. It was situated in what is now the western part of Herefordshire, England, and the eastern part of Powys, Wales. The River Monnow marked its eastern boundary, and the River Wye formed its southern border. The region was strategically significant as it was situated between the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia and the Welsh kingdoms.
Throughout history, Ercing was subject to frequent disputes and territorial conflicts between the Anglo-Saxons and the Welsh. It changed hands several times during the early medieval period, depending on the prevailing power dynamics between the Anglo-Saxon and Welsh rulers.
With the Norman Conquest of England in the eleventh century, Ercing came under Norman control, and its status as a Welsh territory diminished. The Normans established castles in the region, contributing to the assimilation of Archenfield into the English administrative system.
The name “Ercing” is believed to have Celtic origins, and it has been suggested that the name could mean “Land of Arcen,” referring to a local chieftain or ruler from the early medieval period. The name “Archenfield” is believed to have derived from the Welsh “Ergyng” or “Erging,” which might have originally referred to a tribe or a local leader in the region.
Ercing is mentioned in various historical records, including some Welsh annals and chronicles. It played a role in the political and military landscape of the time, but as with many early medieval regions, much of its history is shrouded in limited historical sources and obscured by the passage of time.
Licat Anir | The Legend of King Arthur
Historia Brittonum | Probably Nennius, early 9th century