1. Baruc of Baghdad

    The ruler (caliph) of Baghdad, with whom Gahmuret took service in Wolfram's Parzifal.

    In actual fact, the potentate denoted was the Caliph of Baghdad, head of Islam in the Middle Ages, an anachronism since the Arthurian period predated Mohammed and the foundation of the Caliphate. The title Baruc seems to come from the Hebrew personal name Baruch. In the Livre d'Artus, Baruc is the name of a knight.

    In Wolfram's Parzival, this Middle-Eastern leader captured the city of Niniveh from King Ipomidon. In return, the Baruc was invaded by Pompeius's and Ipomidon's Babylonians, but was assisted, for a time, by Perceval's father Gahmuret.

  2. Baruc the Black
    Baruc li Noirs, Baruc li Noirs Chevaliers Faez, le Chevalier Fae

    A knight who desired to marry Queen Sebille.

    He ruled the castle of Trion. Known as the Fairy Knight and the Black Knight, he had never been overcome in battle. He killed Sebille's husband out of jealousy, intending to marry the queen by force. Sagremor, Sebille's paramour, championed her against Baruc and defeated him in combat, forcing him to surrender to the queen.