Arthurian Sources

These sources are taken from Christopher W. Bruce and his book Arthurian Name Dictionary, which I have his approval to use on Nightbringer. The keywords are connected to the entries on this website.

Mr. Bruce’s Arthurian Name Dictionary contains names extracted from over 250 Arthurian texts. It’s a dictionary of characters, items, places and themes/events found in the legends of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table.


Ain Hupsches Vasnachtspill und Sagt von Künig Arthus | ‘A Pleasing Shrovetide Play About King Arthur’
Written 15th century. | German Shrovetide play.

The Queen of Zipper sends a chastity testing horn to Arthur’s court and it embarrasses all of Arthur’s noblemen.

Keywords: Chastity Test | Zipper


An Dialog Etre Arzur Roe d’an Bretounet ha Guynglaff | ‘A Dialouge Between Arthur and Guynglaff’
Written late 16th century or early 17th century. | Breton prose.

Fragment of a meeting between Arthur and Guynglaff, who spouts Merlinesque prophecies.

Keywords: Guynglaff


Arthur, Monarch of the Britons, a Tragedy
Written 1759 by William Hilton. | English verse.

Dramatic account of Arthur’s downfall and death.

Keywords: Arthur


Arthur, or the Northern Enchantment in Seven Books
Written 1789 by Richard Hole. | English prose.

Arthur obtains the assistance of Merlin in fighting Hengist and the Saxons.

Keywords: Hengist | Inogen


Avarchide
Written 1548 by Luigi Alamanni. | Italian verse.

Arthur and his soldiers besiege Avaricum in Gaul. Modeled on the Trojan War in Greek mythology.

Keywords: Avaricum


Bliocadran Prologue
Written early 13th century. | French verse.

Prologue to Chrétien’s Perceval. Perceval’s father, Bliocadran, quests and dies.

Keywords:


Breudwyt Rhonabwy | ‘The Dream of Rhonabwy’
Written 13th century. | Welsh prose.

A twelfth-century warrior falls asleep, dreams about meeting Arthur before the battle of Badon.

Keywords: Badon | Osla | Rhonabwy | Yvain (Ywaine)


Britannia
Written 1586 by William Camden. | Latin prose.

Survey of British geography, includes many Arthurian locales, identifies Cadbury with Camelot.

Keywords: Cadbury


Brito di Brettagna
Written 1340-1380 by Antonio Pucci. | Italian verse.

Brito must obtain artifacts from Arthur’s court to win the love of a lady.

Keywords: Brito


Brut
Written late 12th century to mid-13th century by Layamon. | English verse.

English adaption and expansion of Wace’s Roman de Brut.

Keywords: Argante | Arthur | Lucius | Mordred | Round Table


Prose Brut
Written late 13th century to late 15th century. | Various chronicles.

Group of Anglo-Norman, English, and Latin chronicles ultimately based on Geoffrey of Monmouth.

Keywords: Arthur | Hengist | Mordred | Rome | St. Bernard’s Mount


Cantare dei Cantari | ‘Song of Songs’
Written c. 1380 by an anonymous writer, possibly Antonio Pucci. | Italian verse.

Stories of Arthurian and Carolinian figures.

Keywords: New Table | Old Table


Chevrefueil | ‘The Honeysuckle’
Written mid to late 12th century by Marie de France. | French verse.

Tristan and Isolde enjoy a passionate tryst in the forest during Tristan’s exile from Mark’s court.

Keywords: Isolde | Tristan


Cligés
Written late 12th century by Chrétien de Troyes. | French verse.

Cligés and his father Alexander, heirs to the empire of Constantinople, have adventures at Arthur’s court and at home.

Keywords: Alexander | Alis | Cligés | Fenice


Chronica Gentis Scotorum | ‘Chronicle of the People of Scotland’
Written c. 1385 by John of Fordun. | Latin chronicle.

First of the Scottish chronicles to portray Mordred as the rightful heir to the British throne.

Keywords: Mordred


Chronicon de Lanercost | ‘Lanercost Chronicle’
Written in the 14th century. | Latin chronicle.

In 1216, Arthur visits and dines with the Bishop of Winchester.

Keywords: Peter of the Rocks


Chronicon Montis Sancti Michaelis in Periculo Maris | ‘Chronicle of St. Michael’s Mount’
Written early 12th century. | Breton chronicle.

A note that Arthur was king of Britain in 421.

Keywords: Arthur


Cronica sive Antiquitates Glastoniensis Ecclesie | ‘Chronicle of the Antiquities of the Church of Glastonbury’
Written mid-14th century by John of Glastonbury. | Latin chronicle.

History of the church at Glastonbury. Describes the discovery of Arthur’s body in 1190.

Keywords: Glastonbury


Culhwch and Olwen
Written late 11th century. | Welsh prose.

Culhwch wants to marry Olwen, seeks Arthur’s help to complete tasks necessary to do so. Includes list of some 250 Arthurian warriors.

Keywords: Cauldron | Culhwch | Olwen | Twrch Trwyth | Ysbadadden


Claris et Laris | ‘Claris and Laris’
Written 1268. | French verse.

The adventures and loves of two friends, Carlis and Laris.

Keywords: Claris | Laris


Conti di Antichi Cavalier | ‘Tales of the Knights of Old’
Written in the 13th century. | Italian prose.

One of twenty stories describes the parents of Galehaut and the Castle of Tears.

Keywords: Brunor | Castle of Tears | Galehaut


Daniel von dem blühenden Tal | ‘Daniel of the Blossoming Valley’
Written 1210-1225 by Der Stricker. | German verse.

Sir Daniel overcomes Arthur’s enemies, becomes a king.

Keywords: Cluse | Daniel | Matur


Das Vasnachtspil Mit der Kron | ‘The Shrovetide Play with the Crown’
Written 15th century. | German Shrovetide Play.

King of Abian sends a crown to Arthur that tests the fidelity of the men at court.

Keywords: Chastity Test


De Amore | ‘Of Love’
Written c. 1185 by Andreas Capellanus (Andreas the Chaplain). | Latin prose.

Treatise on courtly love includes an episode in which a knight wins a hawk at Arthur’s court.

Keywords: Bruto | King of Love


De Casibus Virorum Illustrium | ‘The Fates of Illustrious Men’
Written 1355-1362 by Giovanni Boccaccio. | Italian chronicle.

Arthur’s life and death, drawn from Geoffrey of Monmouth.

Keywords: Arthur | Round Table


De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae | ‘Of the Ruin and Conquest of Britain’
Written c. 540 by Gildas. | Latin chronicle.

Tirade against the British kings, glorifying the old days of the Roman occupation, mentions Ambrosius, Vortigern and Badon.

Keywords: Ambrosius | Badon | Vortigern


De Ortu Waluuanii Nepotis Arturi | ‘Of the Rise of Gawain, Nephew of Arthur’
Written in late 13th century. | Latin prose.

The enfances of Gawain, his adventures in Rome, and early exploits at Arthur’s court.

Keywords: Anna | Castle of Maidens | Gawain | Gormundus | Milocrates


De Principis Instructione | ‘On the Instruction of Princes’
Written c. 1193 by Giraldus Cambrensis (Gerald of Wales). | Latin chronicle.

Includes an account of the discovery of Arthur’s body at Glastonbury.

Keywords: Arthur | Glastonbury


Der Luneten Mantel | ‘Lunet’s Mantle’
Written 15th century. | Shrovetide play.

Lunet sends a magical chastity mantle to Arthur and embarrasses the court.

Keywords: Chastity Test


Der Mantel | ‘The Mantle’
Written 13th century by an anonymous author, possibly Heinrich von dem Türlin. | German verse.

Chastity test involving a mantle at Arthur’s court.

Keywords: Chastity Test


De Sancto Joseph ab Arimathia | ‘Of St. Joseph of Arimathea’
Written 1516. | Latin prose.

The life of Joseph of Arimathea.

Keywords: Glastonbury | Joseph of Arimathea


De Wrake van Ragisel | ‘The Avenging of Ragisel’
Written early to mid 13th century. | Dutch verse.

Dutch adaption of the French La Vengeance Raguidel.

Keywords: Gawain | Raguidel | Yder


“Dialogue of Arthur and Gwenhwyfar”
Written 16th century. | Welsh verse.

Conversation involving Guinevere, Melwas and Kay.

Keywords: Melwas


Die Ehbrecherbruck | ‘The Adulterer’s Bridge’
Written 1545 by Hans Sachs. | German verse.

Arthur builds a bridge to test Guienevere’s chastity; Guinevere passes.

Keywords: Chastity Test


Die Riddere Metter Mouwen | ‘The Knight with the Sleeve’
Written mid to late 13th century. | Dutch verse.

The adventures of Miraudijs, known as the ‘Knight with the Sleeve’.

Keywords: Knight with the Sleeve


Dis Ist Frauw Tristerat Horn von Saphoien | ‘This is Lady Tristerat of Savoy’s Horn’
Written 15th century. | German verse.

Lady Tristerat of Savoy sends a magical chastity horn to Arthur’s court.

Keywords: Chastity Test | Tristerat


Diu Crône | ‘The Crown’
Written c 1230 by Heinrich von dem Türlin. | German verse.

Epic Grail story, presents Gawain as the Grail Hero. Includes abduction of Guinevere and chastity tests.

Keywords: Amurfina | Chastity Test | Gasozein | Gawain | Grail


Draco Normannicus | ‘The Norman Dragon’
Written c. 1169 by Étienne de Rouen. | Latin chronicle.

Arthur and King Henry II exchange latters over the proper rulership of Brittany.

Keywords: Henry II | Rollandus


Durmart le Gallois
Written early 13th century. | French verse.

The adventures of Durmart, who woos and wins Queen Fenise of Ireland.

Keywords: Dumart | Fenise | Nogant


Edolanz
Written mid-13th century. | German verse.

Fragment of the adventures of Edolanz, who rescues Gawain and wins a sparrowhawk tournament.

Keywords: Edolanz


Erec
Written c. late 12th century by Chrétien de Troyes. | French verse.

Erec marries Enide, drags her on a series of adventures.

Keywords: Enide | Erec | Joy of the Court


Erec
Written late 12th century by Hartmann von Aue. | German verse.

German adaption of Chrétien de Troyes’s Erec with some modifications.

Keywords: Enide | Erec


Erex Saga | ‘Saga of Erec’
Written 13th century. | Icelandic prose.

Adaption of Chrétien’s Erec relating the tale of Erec and Enide.

Keywords: Erec | Enide


Escanor
Written c. 1280 by Girart D’Amiens. | French verse.

Kay falls in love; Galantivet defends Gawain against a murder charge.

Keywords: Andrivete | Escanor | Galantivet


Estoire del Saint Graal | ‘History of the Holy Grail’
Written 1220-1235. | Vulgate | French prose.

Grand history of the Grail based partly on Robert de Boron. Covers Joseph of Arimathea’s life, his emigration to Britain, and the founding of the Grail Castle at Corbenic. Followed by the Vulgate Merlin.

Keywords: Alain | Bleeding Lance | Bron | Camelot | Celidoine | Corbenic | Grail | Grail Table | Joseph of Arimathea | Josephus | Mordrains | Nascien | Peter


Febusso e Breusso | ‘Febus and Breus’
Written c. 1325-1335. | Italian verse.

Sir Breus the Pitiless stumbles into the cavern tomb of Febus. Based on an episode in Palamedes.

Keywords: Breus | Febus


Fergus
Written 1200-1233 by Guillaume le Clerc. | French verse.

The adventures of Fergus, a Fair Unknown character who joins Arthur’s court.

Keywords: Fergus


Ferguut
Written mid to late 13th century. | Dutch verse.

Adventures of Fergus, adapted from Guillaume le Clerc’s Fergus.

Keywords: Fergus


First Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval
Written c. 1200, attributed to Wauchier of Denain. | French verse.

Continuation of Perceval describes the adventures of Gawain and Caradoc.

Keywords: Brandelis | Brun of Branlant | Caradoc | Gawain | Grail | Guiromelant | Orguellos


Floriant et Florete | ‘Floriant and Florete’
Written c. 1250-1275. | French verse.

The adventures of Floriant, raised by Morgan le Fay. He weds the daughter of the Emperor of Constantinople.

Keywords: Filimenis | Florete | Floriant | Maragoz


Fourth Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval
Written c. 1230 by Gerbert de Montreuil. | French verse.

Perceval returns to the Grail Castle and mends the Grail Sword.

Keywords: Grail | Grail Sword | Perceval


Garel von dem blühenden Tal | ‘Garel of the Blossoming Valley’
Written 1240-1270 by Der Pleier. | German verse.

Sir Garel embarks on a series of quests, defeats an enemy of Arthur.

Keywords: Ekunaver | Eskilabon | Garel | Vulganus


Gauriel von Muntabel
Written late 13th century by Konrad von Stoffeln. | German verse.

Sir Gauriel must embark on a series of adventures in order to return to the graces of his fairy wife.

Keywords: Gauriel


Geraint and Enid
Written 13th century. | Welsh prose.

Welsh adaption of same material found in Chrétien’s Erec, with hero changed from Erec to Geraint.

Keywords: Enide | Geraint


Geraint filius Erbin
Written 10th or 11th century. | Welsh poem.

Geraint’s deeds at the battle of Llongborth are praised; Arthur or his men were also present.

Keywords: Geraint | Llongborth


Gesta Regum Anglorum | ‘Deeds of the Kings of England’
Written 1125 by William of Malmesbury. | Latin chronicle.

Chronicle of British history includes a brief mention of Arthur and the first appearance of Gawain. An interpolation contains a story of Yder and Glastonbury.

Keywords: Arthur | Gawain


Gesta Regum Britanniae | ‘Deeds of the King of Britain’
Written in mid-13th century. | Latin.

Adaption of Geoffrey of Monmouth.

Keywords: Arthur | Uther


Gismirante
Written 1340-1380 by Antonio Pucci. | Italian verse.

Gismirante embarks on an adventure to save Arthur’s court from starvation.

Keywords: Gismirante


Gliglois
Written early 13th century. | French verse.

Gawain and his squire, Gliglois, fall in love with the same woman and she chooses Gliglois.

Keywords: Beauté | Gliglois


Gogulor
Written 13th century. | French verse.

Fragment of a story in which a young knight battles a giant named Gogulor.

Keywords: Gogulor


Golagros and Gawain
Written late 15th century. | Scottish verse.

Arthur sees the castle of Golagros, decides to conquer Golagros, Gawain does so.

Keywords: Golagros


Gyron le Courtois | ‘Guiron the Courteous’
Written 1548 by Luigi Alamanni. | Italian verse.

The adventures of Guiron, based ultimately on the French Palamedes.

Keywords: Guiron


Here Begynneth the Lyfe of Joseph of Armathia with a Praysing to Joseph
Written 1520. | English verse.

Joseph, his quests, and his founding of the abbey at Glastonbury.

Keywords: Glastonbury | Joseph of Arimathea


Historia Anglorum | ‘History of England’
Written c. 1129 by Henry of Huntingdon. | Latin chronicle.

Chronicle of England, lists Arthur’s battles against the Saxons.

Keywords: Arthur


Historia Brittonum | ‘History of the Britons’
Written early 9th century, probably Nennius. | Latin chronicle.

Earliest chronicle containing Arthur, describing his twelve battles against the Saxons and his connection to two ‘miracles’. Includes Vortigern, Ambrosius.

Keywords: Ambrosius | Amr | Arthur | Badon | Cabal | Octa | Snowdon | Vortigern


Historia Ecclesiastaica Gentis Anglorum | ‘The Ecclesiastical History of the English People
Written in 731 by Bede. | Latin chronicle.

History of Britain drawn partially from Gildas, no mention of Arthur, but includes ‘Arthurian’ characters and places.

Keywords: Ambrosius | Badon | Vortigern


Historia Majoris Britanniae
Written 1521 by John Major. | Latin chronicle.

History of Britain written by a Scot, yet portraying Arthur positively.

Keywords: Arthur


Historia Meriadoci Regis Cambrie | ‘Story of Meriadoc, King of Wales’
Written late 13th century. | Latin prose.

The adventures of Meriadoc, who joins Arthur’s court and claims his heritage, the kingdom of Wales.

Keywords: Griffin | Gundebald | Meriadoc | Orwen


Historia Regum Britanniae | ‘History of the Kings of Britain’
Written c. 1138 by Geoffrey of Monmouth. | Latin chronicle.

First full version of Arthur’s life, his conquests, his war against Rome, his battle against Mordred’s rebellion, and his death. Probably the most important Arthurian text ever written. Mostly invented, but presented (and accepted) as history.

Keywords: Ambrosius | Arthur | Camel | Constantine | Guinevere | Merlin | Mordred | Rome | Saxons | Uther Pendragon | Vortigern


History of the Holy Grail and Merlin
Written c. 1450 by Henry Lovelich. | English verse.

English verse translation of Vulgate Estoire del Saint Graal and Merlin.

Keywords: Joseph of Arimathea | Merlin


Ho Presbys Hippotes | ‘The Old Knight’
Written c. 1300. | Greek verse.

An Old Knight visits Arthur’s court and defeats all of Arthur’s knights.

Keywords: Branor the Brown | Old Knight


Hunbaut
Written 13th century. | French verse.

Gawain and Hunbaut have assorted adventures while on a mission for Arthur.

Keywords: Hunbaut | King of the Isles


Huon de Bordeaux
Written early 13th century. | French verse.

The adventures of Huon of Bordeaux, his tutor Auberon and their conflict with Arthur.

Keywords: Auberon | Huon


I Cantari di Carduino | ‘The Song of Carduino’
Written c. 1370. | Italian verse.

The adventures of Carduino, son of Dodinel.

Keywords: Carduino


I Cantari di Tristano | ‘The Song of Tristan’
Written mid to late 14th century. | Italian verse.

A group of texts relating to Tristan’s adventures; material found in the French Prose Tristan and the Italian La Tavola Ritonda.

Keywords: Merlin’s Stones | Palamedes | Tristan


I Due Tristani | ‘The Two Tristans’
Written 1555. | Italian prose.

The story of Tristan and Isolde and their children, also called Tristan and Isolde.

Keywords: Infanta Maria | Isolde | Juan | Tristan


Idylls of the King
Written 1859-1886 by Lord Alfred Tennyson. | English verse.

Collection of poems tracing Arthur’s rice and downfall.

Keywords: Arthur | Balin | Elaine | Gareth | Geraint | Grail | Guinevere | Merlin | Pelleas | Tournament of the Dead Innocense | Vivien


Ilas et Solvas | ‘Ilas and Solvas’
Written 14th century. | French verse.

Fragment of a tale in which Ilas and Solvas break allegiance with Arthur.

Keywords: Ilas | Solvas


Il Novellino
Written c. 1300. | Italian prose.

Collection of short stories, including five on Arthurian matters.

Keywords: Alibano | Good Knight without Fear | Meliadus


Ivens Saga | ‘Saga of Yvain’
Written 13th century. | Norse prose.

Norse adaption of Chrétien de Troyes’s Yvain.

Keywords: Yvain


Iwein
Written late 12th century by Hartmann von Aue. | German verse.

German adaption of Chrétien de Troyes’s Yvain.

Keywords: Yvain


Jaufré
Written late 12th century or early 13th century. | French verse.

Jaufré, a knight in Arthur’s service, slays a giant named Taulat.

Keywords: Brunissen | Jaufré | Taulat


John Hardyng’s Chronicle
Written 1457-1464 by John Hardyng. | English verse.

Arthur’s life as given in Geoffrey of Monmouth.

Keywords: Arthur | Uther | Vortigern


Joseph d’Arimathie
Written 1191-1202 by Robert de Boron. | French verse.

The early history of the Grail and the life of Joseph of Arimathea.

Keywords: Alain | Bron | Grail | Joseph of Arimathea


Joseph of Arimathie
Written c. 1375. | English verse.

Account of Joseph of Arimathea’s travels based on the Vulgate Estoire del Saint Graal.

Keywords: Joseph of Arimathea


King Arthur and King Cornwall
Written 16th century. | English ballad.

Arthur and his knights visit the court of King Cornwall and defeat him.

Keywords: Cornwall


King Arthur; or The British Worthy
Written 1691 by John Dryden. | English opera.

Arthur battles the Saxon Oswald, marries Emmeline.

Keywords: Emmeline | Philadel | Oswald


King Arthur: An Heroick Poem: In Twelve Books
Written in 1697 by Sir Richard Blackmore. | English verse.

Arthur intervenes in French affairs; slays evil king.

Keywords: Clotar


King Arthur’s Death
Written 16th century. | English ballad.

Short ballad about Arthur’s death.

Keywords: Arthur | Lucan


King Ryence’s Challenge
Written 16th century. | English ballad.

King Ryence demands Arthur’s beard.

Keywords: Rions


La Bataille de Loquifer | ‘The Battle with Loquifer’
Written c. 1230. | French verse.

French hero named Renouart battles a giant, visits Morgan le Fay in the Island of Avalon.

Keywords: Renouart


La Folie Tristan de Berne | ‘The Madness of Tristan’
Written late 12th century. | French verse.

Episode in which Tristan visits Mark’s court disguised as a fool so he can meet with Isolde.

Keywords: Husdent | Isolde | Perinis | Tristan


La Folie Tristan d’Oxford | ‘The Madness of Tristan’
Written 12th century. | French verse.

Episode in which Tristan visits Mark’s court disguised as a fool so he can meed with Isolde.

Keywords: Husdent | Isolde | Petitcrieu | Tristan


Lai du Cor | ‘Lay of the Horn’
Written in the mid to late 12th century by Robert Biket. | French verse.

Chastity test at Arthur’s court involving a horn, only Caradoc has a faithful wife.

Keywords: Caradoc | Chastity Test


La Mule Sans Frein | ‘The Mule Without a Bridle’
Written late 12th century by Paien de Maisières. | French verse.

Gawain embarks on a quest to recover a bridle for a maiden.

Keywords: Beheading Game | Sgoidamur


Lancelot
Written 1215-1230. | Vulgate. | French prose.

Long account of Lancelot’s birth, rearing, knighting, adventures, love for Guinevere, and rescue of Guinevere from Meleagant. It follows the Vulgate Merlin and precedes the Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal.

Keywords: Ban | Bors | Claudas | Corbenic | Dolorous Guard | Gaheris | Galehaut | Guinevere | Guinevere the False | Hector | Lady of the Lake | Lancelot | Lionel | Meleagant | Saxon Rock


Lancelot or Le Chevalier de la Charrette | ‘The Knight of the Cart’
Written late 12th century by Chrétien de Troyes. | French verse.

Guinevere is kidnapped by Meleagant, Lancelot rescues her and begins an affair with her.

Keywords: Gorre | Guinevere | Lancelot | Meleagant


Lancelot do Lac | ‘Lancelot of the Lake’
Written 1215-1220. | French prose.

First biography of Lancelot, his youth with the Lady of the Lake, his earliest adventures at Arthur’s court. Incorporated into the Vulgate Lancelot.

Keywords: Ban | Claudas | Dolorous Guard | Galehaut | Lady of the Lake | Lancelot


Lancelot of the Laik
Written late 15th century. | Scottish verse.

Arthur’s war with Galehaut and Lancelot’s involvement.

Keywords: Galehaut | Lancelot


Lanethen Mantel | ‘Laneth’s Mantle’
Written in 15th century. | German ballad.

Arthur’s niece sends a chastity mantle to Arthur and embarrasses his court.

Keywords: Chastity Test | Laneth


Lanval
Written mid to late 12th century by Marie de France. | French verse.

The earliest existing tale of Sir Lanval, an Arthurian knight who falls in love with a fairy.

Keywords: Lanval


Lanzelet
Written c. 1200 by Ulrich von Zatzikhoven. | German verse.

Lancelot’s early adventures, perils, and wives. Includes an abduction and rescue of Guinevere and a Chastity Test.

Keywords: Ade | Iblis | Iweret | Lancelot | Malduc | Pluris | Valerin


La Pulzella Gaia | ‘The Merry Maiden’
Written 1350-1375. | Italian verse.

Pulzella Gaia, the daughter of Morgan le Fay, falls in love with Gawain.

Keywords: Morgan le Fay | Pulzella Gaia


La Storia di Merlino | ‘The Story of Merlin’
Written c. 1300-1305 by Paolino Pieri. | Italian prose.

Merlin’s youth and early prophecies.

Keywords: Marinaia | Matteo | Merlin


La Tavola Ritonda | ‘The Round Table’
Written 1325-1350. | Italian prose.

Italian adaption of the Prose Tristan and the Vulgate Queste.

Keywords: Dinadan | Galahad | Lancelot | New Table | Old Table | Palamedes | Tristan


La Vendetta Che fe Messer Lazelloto de la Morte di Miser Tristano | ‘The Revenge of Sir Lancelot for the Death of Sir Tristan’
Written 14th century. | Italian verse.

Lancelot, avenging Tristan’s murder, kills King Mark of Cornwall.

Keywords: Lancelot | Mark | Tristan


La Vengeance Raguidel | ‘The Avenging of Raguidel’
Written early 13th century by Raoul, possibly Raoul de Houdenc. | French verse.

Gawain avenges the death of Sir Raguidel, with the help of Yder, by defeating King Guengasoain.

Keywords: Gawain | Guengasoain | Raguidel | Yder


Le Bel Inconnu | ‘The Fair Unknown’
Written 1185-1190 by Renault de Bâgé. | French verse.

Guinglain, Gawain’s son, known as the ‘Fair Unknown’, must save Blonde Esmeree from two sorcerers.

Keywords: Esmeree | Fair Unknown | Guinglain | Mabon | Maiden of the White Hands


Le Prophecies de Merlin | ‘The Prophecies of Merlin’
Written 1272-1279 by Richart d’Irlande. | French prose.

Merlin relates a series of prophecies to his scribes.

Keywords: Alexander the Orphan | Merlin


L’Estoire des Engles | ‘The History of the Angles’
Written c. 1140 by Geoffrey Gaimar. | French chronicle.

The history of the Angles in Britain, contains some Arthurian allusions.

Keywords: Angles | Denmark | Gunter


Le Chevalier à L’Épée | ‘The Knight with the Sword’
Written late 12th century by an anonymous writer, possibly Paien de Maisières. | French verse.

Parody of Gawain’s adventures.

Keywords: Ydain


Le Chevalier du Papegau | ‘The Knight of the Parrot’
Written late 14th century or early 15th century. | French prose.

A young Arthur goes on adventures, earns the title nickname.

Keywords: Fish-Knight | Knight of the Parrot | Lady of the Blonde Hair


Le Enfances Gauvain | ‘The Youth of Gawain’
Written early 13th century. | French verse.

Gawain’s infancy and youth, including his trip to Rome.

Keywords: Gawain | Gawain the Brown | Morcades


Legenda Sancti Goeznovii | ‘Legend of St. Goeznovius’
Written 1019. | Latin hagiography.

One section offers a purely historical account of Arthur and Vortigern.

Keywords: Arthur | Vortigern


Le Livre d’Artus | ‘The Book of Arthur’
Written early 13th century. | French prose.

Continuation of Robert de Boron’s Merlin, including the adventures of Arthur and Gawain.

Keywords: Arthur | Gawain | Greu | Pellinore | Saxons


Le Mantel Mautaillié | ‘The Ill-Fitting Cloak’
Written late 12th century. | French verse.

A mantle brought to Arthur’s court tests the chastity of the ladies.

Keywords: Chastity Test


Le Morte Arthur | ‘The Death of Arthur’
Written 14th century. | Stanzaic, English verse.

Arthur’s death as described in the Vulgate Mort Artu, including the Maiden of Escalot, Guinevere’s infidelity, and Mordred’s rebellion.

Keywords: Bedivere | Escalot | Guinevere | Lancelot | Mador | Mordred | Salisbury


Le Morte Darthur | ‘The Death of Arthur’
Written 1469-1470 by Sir Thomas Malory. | English prose.

The entire life of Arthur and his court, divided into several sections, includin Arthur’s ascension (with the assistance of Merlin), the Roman War, the tale of Lancelot, the story of Gareth, the tale of Tristan, the Grail Quest, and Arthur’s death.

One of the most influential Arthurian works. Based on the Vulgate Cycle, the Post-Vulgate Suite, the English Arthour and Merlin, the Stanzaic Le Morte Arthur and the Alliterative Morte Arthure.

Keywords: Arthur | Balin | Bedivere | Elaine | Gareth | Gawain | Grail | Guinevere | Lamorat | Lancelot | Lucius | Merlin | Morgan le Fay | Palamedes | Tristan | Urry


Les Croniques Admirables du Puissant Roy Gargantua | ‘The Admirable Chronicles of the Powerful King Gargantua’
Written c. 1534. | French prose.

A mythical giant named Gargantua, whose parents were created by Merlin, serves Arthur for 200 years.

Keywords: Gargantua


Les Merveilles de Rigomer | ‘The Marvels of Rigomer’
Written mid to late 13th century. | French verse.

Arthur’s knights set out to conquer Rigomer Castle in Ireland. Gawain succeeds.

Keywords: Dionise | Quintefuele | Rigomer


Le Vallet á la Cote Mal Tailliée | ‘The Knight of the Ill-Fitting Coat’
Written 13th century. | French verse.

A fragment. The Knight of the Ill-Fitting Coat arrives at Arthur’s court.

Keywords: Knight of the Ill-Fitting Coat


Liber de Compositione Castri Ambaziae
Written c. 1140. | Latin prose.

Establishment of the house of Anjou, includes Arthur’s war against Lucius.

Keywords: Billeius | Clodius | Honorius


Li Chantari di Lancelotto | ‘The Song of Lancelot’
Written in the late 14th century. | Italian verse.

The destruction of Camelot and the Round Table.

Keywords: Escalot | Mordred | Winchester


Life of St. Cadoc
Written late 11th century by Lifris. | Latin hagiography.

Saint Cadoc saves a murderer from Arthur’s wrath.

Keywords: Cadoc


Life of St. Carannog
Written late 11th century. | Latin hagiography.

Saint Carannog helps Arthur drive away a serpent.

Keywords: Carannog


Life of St. Illtud
Written late 11th century. | Latin hagiography

The deeds of Saint Illtud, Arthur’s cousin.

Keywords: Illtud


Life of St. Padarn
Written late 11th century. | Latin hagiography.

Padarn traps Arthur in a chasm to punish him for insolence.

Keywords: Padarn


Lohengrin
Written c. 1283-1289. | German verse.

Adventures of Loherangrin, based on character created by Wolfram von Eschenbach.

Keywords: Elsam | Loherangrin | Swan Knight


Lorengel
Written 15th century. | German verse.

Adaptation of Lohengrin.

Keywords: Elsam | Loherangrin


Lybeaus Desconus | ‘The Fair Unknown’
Written late 14th century by Thomas Chestre. | English verse.

The adventures of Gawain’s son, Guinglain, adapted from Renaut de Bâgés Le Bel Inconnu.

Keywords: Fair Unknown | Guinglain | Snowdon


Ly Myreur des Histors | ‘The Mirror of Histories’
Written c. 1350 by Jean D’Outremeuse. | French prose.

Accounts of the reigns of Uther and Arthur.

Keywords: Caradoc | Galopes | Guinevere | Modred


Manuel und Amande | ‘Manuel and Amande’
Written late 13th century. | German verse.

Fragment of the story of Manuel of Greece, who marries Amande.

Keywords: Amande | Manuel


Melekh Artus | ‘King Arthur’
Written 1279. | Hebrew prose.

Two sections from the Vulgate: Uther’s seduction of Igerne, and Arthur’s death.

Keywords: Lanval | Lancelot | Uther


Meleranz
Written 1240-1270 by Der Pleier. | German verse.

The assorted adventures of Meleranz, Arthur’s nephew.

Keywords: Dulceflur | Godonas | Meleranz | Tydomie


Meliador
Written 1361-1369 by Jehan Froissart. | French verse.

Arthur’s Sir Meliador wins tournaments for the hand of Lady Hermondine of Scotland.

Keywords: Hermondine | Meliador


Melino
Written c. 1200. | French verse.

Sir Melion is a werewolf.

Keywords: Melion


Meraugis de Portlesguez
Written early 13th century by Raoul de Houdenc. | French verse.

Meraugis embarks on adventures to prove himself worthy of Lidoine.

Keywords: Gorvain Cadrut | Island Without a Name | Lidoine | Meraugis | Sword with the Strange Hangings


Meriadeuc or Le Chevalier aux Deux Épées | ‘The Knight of the Two Swords’
Written c. 1225-1250. | French verse.

The adventures of Meriadeuc, called the Knight with the Two Swords, as contrasted with those of Gawain.

Keywords: Lore | Meriadeuc | Ris | Waste Chapel


Merlin
Written 1191-1202 by Robert de Boron. | French verse.

Fragment detailing Merlin’s association with Arthur.

Keywords: Merlin | Sword in the Stone


Merlin
Written 1220-1235. | Vulgate | French prose.

Redaction of the Prose Merlin with a long continuation describing Merlin’s birth and deeds, Arthur’s ascension to the throne, the war against the Saxons, and the Roman War. It follows the Vulgate Estoire del Saint Graal and preceeds the Vulgate Lancelot.

Keywords: Arthur | Ban | Claudas | Gawain | Guinevere | Lady of the Lake | Leodegan | Merlin | Pendragon | Rions | Rome | Round Table | Saxons | Sword in the Stone | Uther | Vortigern | Yvain


Prose Merlin
Written early 13th century. | French prose.

Birth and deeds of Merlin, based on Robert de Boron’s verse Merlin. Incorporated into the Vulgate Merlin.

Keywords: Antor | Merlin | Sword in the Stone


Prose Merlin
Written mid 15th century. | English prose.

English translation of the Vulgate Merlin.

Keywords: Merlin | Ninniane


Merlin in Love, or: Youth Against Magic
Written 1740-1760 by Aaron Hill. | English opera.

Merlin falls in love with Columbine. She turns him into a donkey.

Keywords: Columbine | Harlequin


Moriaen
Written mid to late 13th century. | Dutch verse.

Morien, son of Sir Aglovale, goes on a quest to find his father.

Keywords: Aglovale | Morien


Mort Artu | ‘Death of Arthur’
Written 1215-1230. | Vulgate | French prose.

The downfall of Arthur’s court; the adultery of Lancelot and Guinevere; Arthur’s war with Lancelot; Mordred’s rebellion; the final battle; Arthur’s death. Follows the Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal.

Keywords: Arthur | Escalot | Gawain | Girflet | Guinevere | Lancelot | Mador | Mordred | Rome | Salisbury


Mort Artu | ‘Death of Arthur’
Written 1230-1240. | Post-Vulgate. | French prose.

Brief account of Arthur’s final days and death, based on the Vulgate Mort Artu, follows the Post-Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal.

Keywords: Arthur | Arthur the Less | Bleoberis | Gawain | Girflet | Guinevere | Lancelot | Logres | Mark | Mordred | Rome


Alliterative Morte Arthure | ‘Death of Arthur’
Written c. 1400. | English verse.

Arthur’s Roman War and death.

Keywords: Arthur | Lucius | Mordred | Rome


Morte D’Arthur | ‘Death of Arthur’
Written 1812 by Reginald Heber. | English prose.

Glorious Arthur. Guinevere longs for her past love, Cadual. Mordred plots against Arthur.

Keywords: Arthur | Cadual | Mordred


Myrddin poems
Written 12th to 15th century by various authors. | Welsh verse.

A collection of short poems on Myrddin, the prophet and bard in Welsh tradition who anticipated Merlin.

Keywords: Arfderydd | Gwenddolau | Gwenddydd | Myrddin | Rhydderch


Möttuls Saga | ‘Saga of the Mantle’
Written 13th century. | Norse prose.

A mantle brought to Arthur’s court tests the chastity of the ladies.

Keywords: Chastity Test


Owain
Written 13th century. | Welsh prose.

Story of Owain that contains much of the same material as Chrétien’s Yvain.

Keywords: Lady of the Fountain | Yvain


Palamedes
Written c. 1240. | French prose.

Two tales – Guiron le Courtois and Meliadus – relating the adventures of the generation before Arthur. Preserved in the Compilation of Rusticiano da Pisa.

Keywords: Esclabor | Febus | Guiron | Meliadus | Palamedes


Pantheon
Written 1169-1191 by Godfrey of Viterbo. | Italian chronicle.

Includes the story of Vortigern, Merlin and Arthur’s conception.

Keywords: Merlin | Uther | Vortigern


Parzival
Written 1200-1210 by Wolfram von Eschenbach. | German verse.

Greatest Middle High German romance adapts Chrétien de Troyes’s Perceval. Perceval achieves the Grail.

Keywords: Anfortas | Condwiramurs | Feirefiz | Gahmuret | Gawain | Grail | Grail Family | Perceval


Perceval
Written c 1220-1230 by Didot. | French prose.

Adventures of Perceval as he becomes the Grail King, includes a section on the death of Arthur. Based partially on second continuation.

Keywords: Chessboard Castle | Grail | Perceval | Perilous Seat


Perceval or Le Conte del Graal | ‘The Story of the Grail’
Written late 12th century. | French verse.

The adventures of the young Perceval, including his visit to the Grail Castle. First appearance of the Grail.
Unfinished. Inspired many continuations and adaptions.

Keywords: Blancheflor | Bleeding Lance | Fisher King | Maimed King | Grail | Grail Sword | Perceval


Peredur
Written 13th century. | Welsh prose.

The adventures of Peredur, related to Chrétien de Troyes’s Perceval.

Keywords: Black Serpent | Fortress of Marvels | Hags of Gloucester | Peredur


Perlesvaus
Written early 13th century. | French prose.

Grail romance continuing and adapting Chrétien de Troyes’s Perceval. Perceval becomes Grail King.

Keywords: Brien of the Isles | Loholt | Orgeluse | Perceval


Poly-Olbion
Written 1612 by Michael Drayton. | English verse.

The Geography of Britain, including a number of Arthurian locales.

Keywords: Camelot | Camlann


Povest’ o Tryshchane | ‘Romance of Tristan’
Written c. 1580. | Slavic prose.

The life and adventures of Sir Tristan, adapted from the French prose Tristan.

Keywords: Foul Heathen | Galec | Lancelot | Liburn | Samsiz | Tristan


Preiddeu Annwfn | ‘The Spoils of Annwn’
Written c. 900, attributed to Taliessin. | Welsh verse.

Arthur and his warriors visit the otherworld and recover a cauldron.

Keywords: Annwn | Cauldrons | Pridwen


Prince Arthur: An Heroick Poem: in Ten Books
Written in 1695 by Sir Richard Blackmore. | English verse.

A young Arthur tried to reclaim the crown of Britain from the Saxons.

Keywords: Ethelina | Tollo


Quando Tristano e Lancielotto Combattettero al Petrone di Merlino | ‘When Tristan and Lancelot Fought at Merlin’s Stone
Written late 15th century. | Italian verse.

Through a misunderstanding, Tristan and Lancelot fight at one of ‘Merlin’s Stones’.

Keywords: Merlin’s Stones


Queste del Saint Graal | ‘Quest of the Holy Grail’
Written 1215-1230. | Vulgate | French prose.

The quest to find the Holy Grail. Galahad is the victor, with Bors and Perceval. Gawain is called a murderer. Lancelot is denied spiritual fulfillment because of his affair with Guinevere. Follows the Vulgate Lancelot and precedes the Vulgate Mort Artu.

Keywords: Bors | Castle of Maidens | Corbenic | Galahad | Grail | Lancelot | Lionel | Perceval | Sarras | Sword with the Strange Hangings


Queste del Saint Graal | ‘Quest of the Holy Grail’
Written 1230-1240. | Post-Vulgate. | French prose.

Account of the Grail Quest, taken in part from the Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal. Follows the Post-Vulgate Suite du Merlini, precedes the Post-Vulgate Mort Artu. Galahad is the Grail Hero. Mark invades Arthur’s lands during the Grail Quest, but is defeated. Includes two near-independent romances, La Folie Lancelot and the Prose Erec.

Keywords: Arthur the Less | Bors | Erec | Galahad | Gawain | Grail | Lancelot | Mark | Meraugis | Palamedes | Pelles | Perceval | Questing Beast | Sword with the Strange Hangings | Tristan


Rerum Scoticarum Historia
Written 1582 by George Buchanan. | Latin chronicle.

Scottish version of Arthur’s life based on Boece, portrays Arthur very negatively.

Keywords: Arthur


Romance of Sir Corneus
Written 15th century. | English verse.

Chastity test involving a drinking horn.

Keywords: Chastity Test


Roman de Brut | ‘Romance of Brut’
Written c 1155 by Wace. | French verse.

Chronicle of British History based on Geoffrey of Monmouth; first appearance of the Round Table.

Keywords: Arthur | Rome | Round Table | Saxons


Roman d’Ogier le Danois | ‘Romance of Ogier the Dane ‘
Written 14th century. | French verse.

Ogier the Dane gets shipwrecked on Avalon, becomes Morgan le Fay’s lover.

Keywords: Ogier


Roman van Walewein | ‘Romance of Gawain’
Written mid to late 13th century by Penninc and Pieter Vostaert. | Dutch verse.

Gawain seeks the Floating Chessboard, becomes involved in a series of related quests.

Keywords: Floating Chessboard | Sword with the Two Rings | Wonder | Ysabele


Saga af Tristram ok Isodd | ‘Saga of Tristan and Isolde’
Written 14th century. | Icelandic prose.

The story of Tristan and Isolde.

Keywords: Isolde | Isolde the Dark | Kalegras | Mórodd | Spain | Tristan


Scotorum Historiae
Written 1527 by Hector Boece. | Latin chronicle.

Chronicle of British history written by a Scottish partisan, portrays Arthur negatively, glorifies Mordred.

Keywords: Arthur | Lot | Mordred | Picts


Second Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval
Written c 1200, attributed to Gauchier of Donaing. | French verse.

Perceval gets tangled in a quest for a white stag’s head while trying to return to the Fisher King’s castle.

Keywords: Chessboard Castle | Grail | Knight of the Tomb | Little Knight | Perceval


Short Metrical Chronicle
Written 1307. | English verse.

Chronicle of confused chronology, includes Arthur.

Keywords: Arthur | Hengist | Uther


Sir Degrevant
Written c. 1400. | English verse.

The adventures of Sir Degrevant.

Keywords: Degrevant


Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
Written c. 1400. | English verse.

One of the finest Middle English romances. Gawain is challenged to a Beheading Game by the Green Knight.

Keywords: Gawain | Green Knight


Sir Lambewell
Written 16th century. | English verse.

Variation of the tale of Sir Lanval.

Keywords: Lanval


Sir Lancelot du Lake
Written 16th century. | English ballad.

Lancelot fights Tarquin.

Keywords: Lancelot | Tericam


Sir Landeval
Written early to mid 14th century. | English verse.

Variation of the tale of Sir Lanval.

Keywords: Lanval


Sir Launfal
Written late 14th century by Thomas Chestre. | English verse.

The adventures of Sir Launfal, adapted ultimately from Marie de France’s Lanval.


Sir Perceval of Galles
Written early 14th century. | English verse.

The adventures of Sir Perceval without the Grail.

Keywords: Acheflur | Perceval


Sir Tristrem
Written c. 1300. | English verse.

Full ‘courtly’ version of Tristan’s life.

Keywords: Isolde | Mark | Morgan | Rouland | Tristan


Suite du Merlin | ‘Continuation of Merlin’
Written 1230-1240. | Post-Vulgate. | French prose.

Continuation of Prose Merlin found in the Post-Vulgate includes the early adventures of Arthur’s court, the Dolorous Stroke. Followed by the Post-Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal.

Keywords: Accalon | Balin | Erec | Excalibur | Humber | Lot | Merlin | Morgan le Fay | Morholt | Pelleas | Pellinore | Tor


Syre Gawene and the Carle of Carlyle
Written c. 1400. | English verse.

Gawain visits the Carl of Carlisle, acquits himself honorably, marries the Carl’s daughter.

Keywords: Baldwin | Carl of Carlisle | Gawain


Tandareis and Flordibel
Written 1240-1270 by Der Pleier. | German verse.

Tandareis, an Arthurian knight, must complete a series of quests to prove himself worthy of Flordibel.

Keywords: Flordibel | Kandalion | Karedos | Tandareis


The Avowing of King Arthur, Sir Gawain, Sir Kay, and Baldwin of Britain
Written late 13th century or early 14th century. | English verse.

During an adventure in Inglewood Forest, all title characters swear various vows, Baldwin emerges honorably.

Keywords: Baldwin | Inglewood | Menealf


The Awntyrs off Arthure at the Terne Wathelyn | ‘The Adventures of Arthur at Lake Wadling’
Written late 14th century. | English verse.

Gawain and Guinevere encountered the ghost of Guinevere’s mother; Gawain battles Galleron of Galloway.

Keywords: Galleron | Wadling


The Birth of Merlin or The Childe Hath Found His Father
Written in 1662, attributed to William Shakespeare and William Rowley. | English play.

Ambrosius and Uther deal with the Saxons while Merlin’s mother tries to locate the child’s father.

Keywords: Ambrosius | Artesia | Clown | Joan Go-too’t | Ostorius


‘The Boy and the Mantle’
Written in the 16th century. | English ballad.

Chastity test at Arthur’s court involving a mantle.

Keywords: Caradoc | Chastity Test


The Bridal of Triermain
Written 1804 by Sir Walter Scott. | English verse.

Triermain, Arthur’s wicked daughter, visits Arthur’s court and turns a tournament into a blood-bath. Merlin puts her to sleep.

Keywords: Triermain


The Carle off Carlisle | ‘The Churl of Carlisle’
Written in the early 16th century. | English ballad.

Gawain’s episode with the Carl of Carlisle, adapted from Syre Gawene and the Carl of Carlyle.

Keywords: Beheading Game | Carl of Carlisle


The Chronicle of Pierre de Langtoft
Written c. 1300-1307 by Pierre de Langtoft. | English chronicle.

Chronicle of Britain, including Arthur’s life, based on Geoffrey of Monmouth.

Keywords: Arthur | Constantine | Leo | Lucius | Mordred


The Chronicle of Robert of Gloucester
Written late 13th century by Robert of Gloucester. | English verse.

Chronicle of Britain, including Arthur’s life.

Keywords: Arthur


The Egyptian Maid
Written 1828 by William Wordsworth. | English verse.

Merlin destroys a ship and kills an Egyptian princess. Galahad resurrects and marries her.

Keywords: Egyptian Maid | Nina | Water Lily


The Elucidation
Written 13th century. | French verse.

Prologue to Chrétien’s Perceval.

Keywords: Amangon


The Faerie Queene
Written 1570-1599 by Edmund Spenser. | English verse.

‘Prince’ Arthur tries to find Gloriana, the Fairy Queen, assists a number of knights during his adventure. Poem is incomplete.

Keywords: Gloriana


The Fairy of the Lake
Written 1801 by John Thelwall. | English play.

Rowena lusts for Arthur. Vortigern lusts for Guinevere. The Lady of the Lake saves them both.

Keywords: Guinevere | Lady of the Lake | Rowena


The Grene Knight
Written c. 1500. | English verse.

Inferior adaption of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.

Keywords: Beheading Game | Bredbeddle | Green Knight


The Jeaste of Sir Gawayne
Written late 15th century. | English verse.

Gawain sleeps with a maiden in a pavilion, defeats her father and brothers.

Keywords: Brandelis | Gilbert


The Lady of Shallot
Written 1832 by Lord Alfred Tennyson. | English verse.

Lament of the Lady of Shallot (Escalot) for Lancelot.

Keywords: Shallot


The Legend of King Arthur
Written 16th century. | English ballad.

Arthur reviews the triumphs and misfortunes of his life.

Keywords: Arthur | Mordred | St. Bernard’s Mount


The Life of Merlin
Written 1641 by Thomas Heywood. | English verse.

Merlin’s life, focusing on his prophecies.

Keywords: Merlin


The Lyfe of Joseph of Armathy
Written c. 1350. | English prose.

A version of Joseph of Arimathea’s life.

Keywords: Joseph of Arimathea | Mordrains


The Marriage of Sir Gawain
Written 15th century. | English ballad.

Gawain marries the Loathly Lady to find out what women wants desire.

Keywords: Loathly Lady


The Masque of Gwendolen
Written 1816 by Reginald Heber. | English prose.

Version of the Loathly Lady story.

Keywords: Loathly Lady


The Misfortunes of Arthur
Written 1587 by Thomas Hughes. | English play.

Tragedy based on Geoffrey of Monmouth’s tale of Arthur’s downfall.

Keywords: Arthur | Gorlois | Guinevere | Mordred


The Modena Archivolt

An Italian sculpture on the cathedral in Modena, Italy, from 1120-1140. It depicts Arthur’s knights rescuing Winlogee (Guinevere?) from Mardoc and Carrado.


The Parlement of the Thre Ages
Written mid to late 14th century. | English verse.

Debate between young, middleaged, and old men includes an account of Arthur’s life.

Keywords: Excalibur | Mont St. Michel


The Stanzas of the Graves
Written 10th or 11th century. | Welsh verse.

The grave sites of a number of heroes are named.

Keywords: Anoeth | Arthur


The Story of England
Written 1338 by Robert Mannyng of Brunne. | English chronicle.

Account of Arthur’s life based on Wace.

Keywords: Arthur


The Turke and Gowin
Written c. 1500. | English verse.

A turk (churl) leads Gawain on a series of adventures, ending on the Isle of Man.

Keywords: Beheading Game | Gromer | Man


The Wedding of Sir Gawain and Dame Ragnell
Written 15th century possibly by Sir Thomas Malory. | English verse.

Gawain marries the Loathly Lady to find what women desire most in order to save Arthur from a captor.

Keywords: Gawain | Gromer | Loathly Lady | Ragnelle


The Wife of Bath’s Tale
Written 1387 by Geoffrey Chaucer; in The Canterbury Tales. | English verse.

A knight must learn what women most desire; marries the loathly lady.

Keywords: Loathly Lady


Third Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval
Written c. 1230 by Manessier. | French verse.

Perceval finally returns to the Grail Castle, is crowned Grail King.

Keywords: Black Hand | Bleeding Lance | Grail | Perceval


Thomas Castleford’s Chronicle
Written 1327 by Thomas Bek of Castleford. | English chronicle.

Chronicle of British events drawn partially from Geoffrey of Monmouth.

Keywords: Arthur


Tistram og Isolde | ‘Tristan and Isolde’
Written 16th century. | Danish ballad.

Tristan and Isolde enjoy a rendezvous under a linden-tree.

Keywords: Isolde | Mangus | Tristan


Tom a Lincolne
Written 1599-1607 by Richard Johnson. | English prose.

The adventures of Tom a Lincoln, Arthur’s illegitimate son.

Keywords: Black Knight | Tom a Lincoln


Tom Thumb and The Tragedy of Tragedies
Written 1730 by Henry Fielding. | English play.

Parody of Arthuriana and tragic theater, involving the diminutive warrior Tom Thumb. Two versions.

Keywords: Dollallolla | Glumdalca | Tom Thumb


Torec
Written c. 1280 by Jacob van Maerlant. | Dutch verse.

Sir Torec recovers a family heirloom and defeats Arthur’s knights for the love of a maiden.

Keywords: Mariole | Torec


Triads of the Island of Britain
Written 11th to 14th century. | Welsh “Triads”.

Indexes of Welsh oral legends, grouped into sets of three (Triads), many of which mention Arthur.

Keywords: Bran | Camlann | Guinevere | Mordred


Tristan
Written 1170-1175 by Thomas of England. | French verse.

The earliest ‘courtly’ version of the Tristan legend. Exists only in fragments.

Keywords: Isolde | Isolde of the White Hands | Kahedins | Mark | Tristan


Prose Tristan
Written 1230-1240. | French prose.

First full integration of Tristan into the Arthurian cycle. Various manuscripts of varying length, some with conflicting accounts.

Keywords: Alexander the Orphan | Dinadan | Faramon | Governal | Isolde | Lancelot | Mark | Meliadus | Palamedes | Tristan


Tristan
Written late 12th century by Béroul. | French verse.

Earliest ‘common’ or ‘primitive’ Tristan legend. Exists only in a fragment.

Keywords: Isolde | Mal Pas | Mark | Tristan


Tristan
Written early 13th century by Gottfried von Strassburg. | German verse.

Courtly version of the story of Tristan and Isolde, based on Thomas of England’s version.

Keywords: Isolde | Isolde of the White Hands | Mark | Tristan


Tristan
Written 1525-1529 by Pierre Sala. | French prose.

Prose version of the life of Tristan.

Keywords: Tristan


Tristan
Written c. 1550. | Welsh prose.

A fragment of a tale of Tristan and Isolde.

Keywords: Isolde | Mark | Tristan


Tristan als Mönch | ‘Tristan as a Monk’
Written early to mid 13th century. | German verse.

Tristan disguises himself as a monk to meet with Isolde..

Keywords: Isolde | Tristan


Tristano Panciaticchiano
Written early 14th century. | Italian prose.

Various portions of Tristan’s life, derived ultimately from the Franch Prose Tristan and the Vulgate romances.

Keywords: Giafredi | Tristan


Tristano Riccardiano
Written late 13th century. | Italian prose.

Italian adaption of the French Prose Tristan.

Keywords: Brunor | Galehaut | Mark | Meliadus | Palamedes | Sanza Avventura | Tristan


Tristan Stone

This monolith in Cornwall, erected in the sixth century, commemorates the death of “Drustanus”, son of “Cunomorus”.

Keywords: Cunomorus | Tristan | Tristan Stone


Tristano Veneto
Written 15th century. | Italian prose.

Venetian translation of the French Prose Tristan.

Keywords: Isolde | Mark | Tristan


Tristrams Kvædi | ‘Poem of Tristan’
Written early 15th century. | Icelandic ballad.

Account of the death of Tristan.

Keywords: Isolde | Isolde the Dark | Tristan


Tristrams Saga ok Isöndar
Written 1226. | Norse prose.

First full ‘courtly’ version of the Tristan saga.

Keywords: Isolde | Mark | Tristan


Tristrant
Written 1170-1190 by Eilhart von Oberge. | German verse.

‘Primitive’ or ‘common’ version of the Tristan legend.

Keywords: Isolde | Isolde of the White Hands | Mark | Rivalin | Tristan


Tyolet
Written late 12th century. | French verse.

The youthful adventures of Sir Tyolet.

Keywords: Morgan le Fay | Tyolet


Vita di Merlino con le Sue Profetie | ‘The Life of Merlin, with His Prophecies’
Written c. 1480. | Italian prose.

Italian translation of the Prose Merlin.

Keywords: Gregorio | Lady of the Lake | Meliadus | Merlin


Vita Gildae | ‘Life of St. Gildas’
Written c. 1130 by Caradoc of Llancarfan. | Latin hagiography.

Biography of St. Gildas, includes his experiences with Arthur and Guinevere’s kidnapping by Melwas.

Keywords: Gildas | Glastonbury | Hueil | Melwas


Vita Merlini | ‘The Life of Merlin’
Written c 1150 by Geoffrey of Monmouth. | Latin verse.

The latter days of Merlin, drawn from the Welsh tales of Myrddin.

Keywords: Avalon | Ganieda | Merlin | Morgan le Fay | Rhydderch | Taliessin


Walewein ende Keye | ‘Gawain and Kay’
Written mid to late 13th century. | Dutch verse.

Gawain humiliates Kay.

Keywords: Kay


Wartburgkrieg
Written 13th century. | Compilation of German poems.

Wolfram von Eschenbach debates the sorcerer Clinschor.

Keywords: Clinschor | Wolfram von Eschenbach


Wigalois
Written early 13th century by Wirnt von Grafenberg. | German verse.

Wigalois, son of Gawain, liberates and imprisoned country and marries its princess.

Keywords: Korntin | Lion | Wigalois


Wigamur
Written 1240-1260. | German verse.

The youth, education, and adventures of Sir Wigamur.

Keywords: Wigamur


Yder
Written early 13th century. | French verse.

The adventures of Yder at Arthur’s court. Arthur is portrayed as a tyrant.

Keywords: Guenloie | Kay | Yder


Y Gododdin | ‘The Gododdin’
Written c. 600 by Aneirin. | Scottish verse.

Earliest Scottish poem contains first reference to Arthur’s name, though the poem is not about him.

Keywords: Arthur


Ysaïe le Triste | ‘Ysaïe the Sad’
Written late 14th century or early 15th century. | French prose.

Ysaïe (son of Tristan) and his son, Marc, strive to bring justice to an anarchic post-Arthurian Britain.

Keywords: Auberon | Marc | Ysaïe


Yvain or Le Chevalier au Lion | ‘The Knight with the Lion’
Written late 12th century. | French verse.

Yvain slays the Lord of the Fountain, marries his widow, has a series of adventures with a lion.

Keywords: Esclados | Knight with the Lion | Laudine | Yvain


Ywain and Gawain
Written 1310-1340. | English verse.

English adaption of Chrétien de Troyes’s Yvain.

Keywords: Yvain


Unknown title
Written c. 1290 by Baudin Butor. | French prose.

The pre-Arthurian period, including Vortigern and Pendragon.

Keywords: Ivoire | Libanor | Pendragon | Uther


Untitled
Written in 10th or 11th century. | Welsh verse.

A dialogue between Arthur and Glewlwyd Mighty Grip. The deeds of Kay and other warriors are mentioned.

Keywords: Cath Palug | Glewlwyd