Nightbringer | The Arthurian Online Encyclopedia


Aachen is a historic city located in western Germany near the borders with Belgium and the Netherlands.

Aachen is named in the Alliterative Morte Arthure as part of Arthur’s vast empire.

Aachen | 0 to the 9th century AD

Roman Era
Aachen’s history can be traced back to Roman times. It was a favored spa destination for the Romans due to its natural hot springs. The Romans established the town of Aquisgranum near these springs. During this period, Aquisgranum was part of the Roman province of Germania Inferior.

Frankish Period
In the early medieval period, Aachen became associated with the Frankish kings and rulers. Clovis I, the first king of the Franks to unite all the Frankish tribes, is believed to have held court in Aquisgranum.

Charlemagne’s Palace and Rule
Aachen is most famous for being the residence of Charlemagne, the Carolingian king who would later become the first Holy Roman Emperor. Charlemagne made Aquisgranum his principal residence and established a royal palace complex there, including the construction of the Palatine Chapel, which is now a part of Aachen Cathedral.

Charlemagne’s rule from Aachen marked a significant period in the history of the Frankish Empire and the Carolingian Dynasty. He was a patron of larning and culture and held important imperial assemblies in Aachen.

Aachen Cathedral
The construction of Aachen Cathedral, also known as the Palatine Chapel, took place during Charlemagne’s reign (768-814). This cathedral is a masterpiece of Carolingian architecture and became the center of the Carolingian Renaissance.

Importance in the Holy Roman Empire
Aachen’s significance extended beyond Charlemagne’s reign. It played a crucial role in the formation of the Holy Roman Empire and was the favored location for the coronation of Holy Roman Emperors for centuries.

Viking Raids
In the ninth century, Aachen, like other regions in Europe, faced Viking raids and incursions. These raids disrupted the stability and prosperity of the Carolingian Empire.

See also
Germany | The Legend of King Arthur

See also
Alliterative Morte Arthure | c. 1400