Austria is a landlocked country located in Central Europe, and is bordered by eight countries.
According to the Alliterative Morte Arthure, this country was part of Arthur’s kingdom.
Austria | 1st century BC – 9th century AD
Roman Period | 1st century BC – 5th century AD
The Romans established control over the region during the first century BC, and it became part of the Roman province of Noricum. Cities and settlements, including Virunum and Lauriacum, played significant roles during the Roman period. The decline of the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century saw the gradual withdrawal of Roman authority.
Migration Period | 4th – 6th centuries
The migration period, marked by the movement of various Germanic and Hunnic tribes, affected the region. The Ostrogoths, Lombards, and Bavarians were among the groups that played a role in the changing demographics.
Bavarian Settlement | 6th – 8th centuries
The Bavarians, a Germanic tribe, gradually settled in the region during the sixth and seventh centuries. The Duchy of Bavaria, with included parts of present-day Austria, emerged as a political entity.
Carolingian Empire | 8th – 9th centuries
The Carolingian Empire, under Charlemagne, expanded its influence into the region during the eighth century. The Treaty of Verdun in 843 led to the division of the Carolingian Empire, and the territory of present-day Austria became part of the East Frankish Kingdom.
Eastern Marches | 9th century
The area to the east of the Carolingian Empire, including parts of modern Austria, became known as the Eastern Marches (Östmark in German). The Eastern Marches were established as a defensive frontier against invasions from the east, primarily the Magyars (Hungarians). The Babenberg family played a crucial role in the governance of the Eastern Marches.
Styria | The Legend of King Arthur
Alliterative Morte Arthure | c. 1400