Córdoba is one of the major cities of Andalusia, situated in the southern region of Spain.
Cordova (Córdoba) was allied, according to the Alliterative Morte Arthure, with the Roman Procurator Lucius. The “Captain of Cordova” was captured by Arthur’s Sir Clegis (Cleges) during the Roman War.
Córdoba | 400-600 AD
Córdoba was originally founded as a Roman settlement known as Colonia Patricia Corduba in the second century BC. It became an important administrative and commercial center in the Roman province of Hispania Baetica (modern-day Andalusia). Córdoba was renowned for its intellectual and cultural life during the late Roman period. It was home to prominent Roman philosophers, poets, and scholars, contributing to its reputation as a center of learning.
With the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD, Córdoba came under the rule of the Visigothic Kingdom, a Germanic kingdom that encompassed much of the Iberian Peninsula. The Visigothic period saw the construction of churches and fortifications, reflecting the influence of Christianity. Córdoba had a thriving Jewish community during this time. Jews played a significant role in trade, finance, and intellectual pursuits. The Jewish Quarter, known as the Judería, grew and prospered during the Visigothic period.
In 711 AD, Córdoba was conquered by the Umayyad Caliphate, marking the beginning of Islamic rule in the region. The city became the capital of the Umayyad Emirate and later the Umayyad Caliphate of al-Andalus (Islamic Iberia). During the Islamic rule, Córdoba witnessed a period of great architectural splendor. The most iconic landmark of this time is the Great Mosque of Córdoba, also known as the Mezquita. Originally a Visigothic church, it was later converted into a mosque and expanded to become one of the largest mosques in the world.
Córdoba’s history during the period 400-600 AD is a fascinating reflection of the diverse cultural influences and achievements that shaped the city. Its rich legacy as a cultural, religious, and intellectual center has left a lasting impact on the history of Spain and the broader Mediterranean world.
Alliterative Morte Arthure | c. 1400