This town is named in one chronicle as the home of King Lot.
Dunbar | 400-600 AD
The territory of Dunbar was originally inhabited by Celtic Britons who were part of the Kingdom of Alt Clut, also known as the Kingdom of Strathclyde. Alt Clut was one of the Brittonic kingdoms that emerged after the decline of Roman rule in Britain.
The people of Alt Clut were Celtic Britons, who were part of the larger Brittonic-speaking population in the region. They shared cultural and linguistic connections with other Celtic groups in Wales, Cornwall, and Ireland.
During this period, Christianity began to spread in the Kingdom of Alt Clut. Christian missionaries, such as Saint Ninian, played a role in the conversion of the population to Christianity.
From the late eighth century onwards, Viking raids on coastal regions of Britain, including Alt Clut, increased. Viking invaders targeted monasteries and settlements along the coast, disrupting local life and trade. In the early medieval period, there were interactions between the people of Alt Clut and the neighboring Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, particularly Northumbria to the south. These interactions included both trade and conflict.
Dunbar was home to a royal residence during this period, which was used by the rulers of Alt Clut. The strategic location of Dunbar overlooking the North Sea coast made it a significant site for the rulers to maintain control over the region. Over time, the political boundaries of Alt Clut fluctuated due to interactions with neighboring kingdoms, including Northumbria and the expanding Kingdom of the Scots to the north and east.
John Hardyng’s Chronicle | John Hardyng, 1457–1464