Elamet, Elmaye

An ancient kingdom which existed in the region of southwestern Iran, in what is now modern-day Khuzestan Province.

According to the Alliterative Morte Arthure, it was subject to Rome, and warriors from the land joined Lucius’ war against Arthur.

In reality, during the height of Elam’s prominence in the ancient world (around the third millennium BC to the sixth century BC), the Roman Empire did not exist. The Roman Republic was established in 509 BC, and the Roman Empire began with the rise of Augustus in 27 BC. Thus, there was no historical overlap between the kingdom of Elam and the Roman Empire as political entities.

The Roman Empire’s main territorial focus was in the Mediterranean region and parts of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. It did not extend into the area of Elam, which was situated in the eastern part of the ancient Near East, beyond the Roman frontier.

Alliterative Morte Arthure | c. 1400
Le Morte Darthur | Sir Thomas Malory, 1469-1470