NIGHTBRINGER | The Arthurian Encyclopedia


Flamingue, Flandres, Flanmesgues, Flaundrys, Flavinghe, Flavingue, Floene

Flanders is a historical region situated in the northern part of Belgium. Historically, the term “Flanders” was more extensive and included areas that are now part of France and the Netherlands.

In Geoffrey, Arthur conquers it as part of his invasion of Gaul and defeat of Frollo. Arthur and his host sailed from Sandwich to war against Lucius, landing at Barflete (Barfleur) in Flanders. Later, King Holdin ruled it under Arthur. In the Vulgate Lancelot, he wrestles it from Count Aran, who ruled it under Claudas.

A knight named Bloyas came from this region.

Flanders | 0 to the 9th century AD

Roman Period | 1st – 5th centuries
During the Roman era, Flanders was part of the larger region known as Gallia Belgica within the Roman Empire. Cities and settlements were established, and the area likely experienced Roman influence in terms of governance, cities, roads, infrastructure, and culture. Towns such as Tournai (Tornacum) and Tongeren (Atuatuca Tungrorum) were Roman settlements.

Migration Period | 5th – 7th centuries
The decline of the Roman Empire in the fifth century marked the beginning of the Migration Period. Various Germanic tribes, including the Salian Franks, migrated into the region. Flanders fell under the influence of the Frankish Kingdom.

Frankish Rule
By the fifth and sixth centuries, the Frankish Kingdom, led by the Merovingian dynasty, had established control over Flanders. The establishment of early Frankish power in the region laid the groundwork for the subsequent Carolingian Empire.

Carolingian Empire
The Carolingian Empire, founded by Charlemagne in the eighth century, included Flanders as part of its territories. Flanders was situated in a strategic position within the empire, and its land was likely used for agriculture and other resources.

Viking Raids | 8th – 9th centuries
From the late eighth century, Viking raids and incursions began to impact the coastal areas, including what is now Flanders. Viking raiders targeted towns and monasteries, causing disruptions and forcing locals to defend themselves.

During this time, the Carolingian Empire fragmented, leading to the rise of local lords and the development of feudal structures. Castles and fortifications were built as centers of power and defense.

The Christianization of the region occured during the early medieval period. Missionaries like Saint Amandus and Saint Eligius played key roles in converting the population to Christianity. Monasteries were established, contributing to the region’s cultural and religious development.

See also
Earl of Flandrisborg | The Legend of King Arthur
Flandrisborg | The Legend of King Arthur
Flanmesgues | The Legend of King Arthur

Historia Regum Britanniae | Geoffrey of Monmouth, c. 1138
Roman de Brut | Wace, c. 1155
Vulgate Lancelot | 1215-1230
Le Morte Darthur | Sir Thomas Malory, 1469-1470