Limoges is a city in central France is known for its fine porcelain.
Limoges | 0 to 1000 AD
Roman Period | 1st to 5th centuries AD
Limoges, known as Augustoritum during Roman times, was founded as a Roman settlement. Its strategic location along the River Vienne made it an important hub for trade and transportation. The Romans constructed roads and infrastructure in the area, contributing to the city’s growth and transportation.
Augustoritum was known for its production of ceramics and pottery, a tradition that would later influence the city’s famous porcelain industry.
Transition to the Early Medieval Period | 5th to 8th centuries AD
The decline of the Roman Empire in the fifth century led to the fragmentation of authority in the region. Like many Roman settlements, Limoges faced the challenges of political and social change as the Roman influence waned. In the seventh and eighth centuries, the region came under the influence of various Germanic tribes, including the Visigoths and Franks.
Early Christian Influence
During the late Roman period and early medieval times, Christianity began to take root in the region. Limoges became a center for Christian religious activity, and several churches were established.
Medieval Developments | 8th century AD
In the eighth century, Charlemagne, the Frankish king and Holy Roman Emperor, expanded Frankish control over the region. Limoges was part of the Carolingian Empire during this time, contributing to the political and cultural changes taking place in the Frankish world.
Viking Incursions | 8th to 11th centuries AD
Like other parts of Europe, Limoges faced Viking incursions and raids during the Viking Age. These raids disrupted the region’s stability and led to the construction of fortifications for defense.
Lancelot, or Le Chevalier de la Charrete | Chrétien de Troyes, late 12th century