Nightbringer | The Arthurian Online Encyclopedia


Monpeller, Monpellier

Montpellier is a city situated on the Mediterranean coast of southern France, not far from the border with Spain.

In the Arthurian texts, this is a wealthy city in Provence, where Duke Mathem of Soane took refuge after his land was stolen by Duke Frollo. On Merlin’s advice, Julius Caesar restored Mathem to his duchy.

Montpellier | 0 to 800 AD

Roman Influence
The area that includes Montpellier was part of Roman Gaul during the Roman Republic and later the Roman Empire. While there is limited specific information about Montpellier during this time, it would have been influenced by Roman culture and governance.

Late Antiquity
As the Roman Empire faced various challenges and changes during Late Antiquity, including the decline of Roman authority and the spread of Christianity, regions like Montpellier would have experienced these broader historical transitions.

Visigothic Rule
In the early medieval period, after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Visigoths established control over parts of southern France. The Visigothic Kingdom was known for its Arian Christian faith.

Frankish Influence
In the late eighth century, the Carolingian Franks, led by Charlemagne, expanded their influence and established the Carolingian Empire, which included parts of what is now France. This period saw the spread of Christianity, including the establishment of churches and monastic communities.

Emergence of Montpellier
While specific records about Montpellier’s founding are limited, it is believed that the town began to emerge as a settlement during the early Middle Ages, likely in the tenth century or earlier. Its early development was influenced by its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea and its location along trade routes.

Growth and Medieval Era
Montpellier’s history becomes more extensively documented in the later medieval period, partcularly during the twelfth and thirteenth centures when it gained prominence as a center for trade, culture, and learning.

Vulgate Merlin | 1220-1235
Prose Merlin | Mid-15th century