Named first in the First Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval and in the Didot-Perceval as the Roman centurion who was said to have pierced the side of Jesus while Christ hung on the Cross following the Crucifixion (John 19:34).
One of the earliest records of the name is found in the Laurentian Library, Florence (Firenze), Italy, on an illuminated miniature by Rabulas, in the year 586. On it the name “Loginos” is written in Greek characters above the head of the soldier.
Longinus’ Spear | The Legend of King Arthur
First Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval | Attributed to Wauchier of Denain, c. 1200
Didot-Perceval | c. 1220-1230
Here Begynneth the Lyfe of Joseph of Armathia with a Praysing to Joseph | 1520