Italy is a country in southern Europe, characterized by its diverse geography and rich history.

Morgan Le Fay was believed to live in the region of Calabria in southern Italy. In Sicily she is the cause of the mirage called Fata Morgana.

Florent and Gawaine were on a mission in northern Italy to procure supplies. There they learned of a Roman brigade nearby, led by the Duke of Lorraine. They managed to rout the Romans with a much smaller force.

Italy | 500 BC to 1000 AD

The history of Italy during this time period is a complex narrative of political, cultural, and societal changes, marked by the rise and fall of various civilizations and empires.

Etruscans and Early Rome | 500 BC to 27 BC
In the fifth century BC, the Italian Peninsula was inhabited by various peoples, including the Etruscans, Greeks, and Italic tribes. Rome, a small city-state, began to expand its influence during this time, eventually establishing the Roman Republic in 509 BC.

Roman Republic and Empire | 27 BC to 476 AD
Rome evolved from a republic to an empire during this period, with Augustus becoming the first Roman Emperor in 27 BC. The Roman Empire expanded to encompass vast territories, including the entire Italian Peninsula, much of Europe, North Africa, and parts of the Middle East. Rome made significant contributions to art, architecture, law, and engineering.

The Western Roman Empire faced the decline and internal strife and ultimately fell in 476 AD when Odoacer, a Germanic chieftain, deposed the last Roman emperor, Romulus Augustulus.

Migration Period | 4th to 6th centuries AD
The fall of the Western Roman Empire led to a period of migration and invasions by various Germanic tribes, including the Visigoths, Vandals, and Ostrogoths. The Italian Peninsula saw significant political fragmentation and changes in leadership.

Byzantine Italy | 6th to 8th centuries AD
The Byzantine Empire, with its capital in Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul), maintained control over parts of southern Italy and Sicily. The city of Ravenna became the capital of the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna, overseeing Byzantine territories in Italy.

Lombard Kingdom | 6th to 8th centuries AD
The Lombards, a Germanic tribe, established the Lombard Kingdom in northern and central Italy. This period marked the division of Italy into northern Lombard and southern Byzantine territories.

Carolingian and Frankish Rule | 8th to 10th centuries AD
Charlemagne, King of the Franks and later Holy Roman Emperor, expanded Frankish influence into northern Italy. The Papal States emerged as a political entity with the support of the Carolingian Empire.

Arab Invasions and Saracen Control | 8th to 10th centuries AD
Arab forces, known as Saracens, launched invasions of southern Italy and Sicily, establishing control in certain regions. The city of Palermo became a significant center of Arab culture in Sicily.

The Holy Roman Empire | 10th century AD
The tenth century saw the emergence of the Holy Roman Empire, which included parts of northern and central Italy. Otto I, also known as Otto the Great, was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 962 AD.

Walsh-land is the German name of Italy, according to The Place-names in Wales (1912).

See also
Byzantine Empire | The Legend of King Arthur
Hill of the Cat | The Legend of King Arthur

Places in Italy