Nightbringer | The Arthurian Online Encyclopedia



A land ruled by Kingrisin and then his son Vergulaht in Wolfram’s Parzival. Its capital was Schanpfanzun.

Gawaine was summoned to the country by Kingrimursel, the landgrave, to answer a murder charge, and became involved in a scuffle with Vergulaht in a misunderstanding involving Kingrisin’s sister.

In Chrétien’s Perceval, the land is called Escavalon.

Parzival | Wolfram von Eschenbach, 1200–1210
Wigalois | Wirnt von Grafenberg, early 13th century
Tandareis and Flordibel | Der Pleier, 1240-1270