Nightbringer | The Arthurian Online Encyclopedia



Cappadocia is a historical and geographical region located in central Turkey.

In the Alliterative Morte Arthure, it is subject to Lucius, Arthur’s enemy in the Roman War.

Cappadocia | History

Ancient Civilization
Cappadocia has a history dating back to ancient times. It was home to several ancient civilizations, including the Hittites, Phrygians, and Urartians.

Hellenistic and Roman Periods
During the Hellenistic period, after the conquests of Alexander the Great, Cappadocia emerged as a distinct kingdom with its local rulers, known as the Cappadocian Kings. However, in the early first century BC, Cappadocia came under Roman influence and eventually bcame a client kingdom of Rome.

Cappadocia played a crucial role in early Christian history. The region became a refuge for Christians escaping Roman persecution. The unique rock formations of Cappadocia provided natural shelters, and Christians carved numerous cave churches and monasteries into the soft volcanic rock.

Cappadocia is also known for its influential Christian theologians, collectively known as the Cappadocian Fathers. Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzus, and Gregory of Nyssa were prominent figures who contributed to the development of Christian theology.

Byzantine Era
In the Byzantine period, Cappadocia continued to be a center of Christianity. The region faced invasions and conflicts, and numerous rock-cut churches and dwellings were created during this time.

Seljuk and Ottoman Periods
With the arrival of the Seljuk Turks, Cappadocia saw a shift in political control. The Seljuks established rule in the region, and later, Cappadocia became part of the Ottoman Empire.

See also
Roman Empire | The Legend of King Arthur
Byzantine Empire | The Legend of King Arthur

Alliterative Morte Arthure | c. 1400
Le Morte Darthur | Sir Thomas Malory, 1469-1470