In some historical sources, this was an ancient region located in central Anatolia, in present-day Turkey. It was a distinct kingdom during various periods of ancient history and played a significant role in the cultural and political landscape of the region.

The kingdom of Cappadocia emerged as an independent political entity during the Hellenistic period, following the conquests of Alexander the Great. In the early first century BC, Cappadocia came under the control of the Roman Republic and subsequently the Roman Empire. Cappadocia became a client kingdom of Rome, maintaining a degree of autonomy while remaining under Roman control.

In the Alliterative Morte Arthure, it is subject to Lucius, Arthur’s enemy in the Roman War.

Alliterative Morte Arthure | c. 1400
Le Morte Darthur | Sir Thomas Malory, 1469-1470