Historically, Clwyd was one of the traditional thirteen historic counties of Wales, named after the River Clwyd that runs through the region.
Clwyd | 400-600 AD
In the early parts of this period, the area of Clwyd would have still been influenced by Roman presence, as the Roman legions withdrew from Britain around 410 AD. Roman roads, forts, and other infrastructure might have remained in use during the early post-Roman period.
After the Roman withdrawal, Britain experienced a period of political and social upheaval known as the Migration Era. Germanic and other Celtic tribes began to settle in various parts of Britain, and the Welsh region was no exception. By the later part of the fifth century, the Kingdom of Gwynedd had emerged as one of the dominant powers in the region, encompassing much of what is nown northwestern Wales, including Clwyd. The rulers of Gwynedd claimed descent from Cunedda, a legendary figure who migrated from the north to Wales and established a dynasty.
During the fifth and sixth centuries, Christianity began to spread in Wales. Saints such as Saint Asaph and Saint Kentigern played important roles in propagating Christianity in the area.
Towards the end of the sixth century and into the seventh century, Viking raids and invasions became a significant threat to the British Isles. While Clwyd might not have been a primary target, the overall security situation in the region would have been affected.
In 1996, the administrative boundaries in Wales were reorganized, and the county of Clwyd was abolished.