Cunningham is a historic region located in southwest Scotland, specifically in the county of Ayrshire.
It originally belonged to Sir Galleron, but Arthur annexed it and gave it to Gawaine. Galleron arrived at a feast and challenged Gawain for ownership of the land. The fight ended in a draw, but Gawain graciously returned the country to Galleron anyway.
Cunningham | 400-600 AD
During the fifth century, Roman influence in Britain declined, and Roman legions gradually withdrew from the island. The Roman presence in Cunningham and the wider area of southwest Scotland would have diminished during this time.
The region that encompasses Cunningham was part of the ancient British Kingdom of Strathclyde during this period. The Kingdom of Strathclyde was a Brythonic kingdom, and its people spoke a Celtic language. Strathclyde was a significant polity, and its border fluctuated over time, encompassing parts of present-day southern Scotland and northern England.
During this era, the Kingdom of Strathclyde would have interacted with neighboring kingdoms and tribes, including the emerging Anglo-Saxon kingdoms to the south and the Irish kingdoms to the west. There would have been trade, cultural exchange, and likely occasional conflicts with these neighboring powers.
The spread of Christianity was well underway during the Early Medieval period. Missionaries from both the Roman and Celtic Christian traditions were active in the British Isles, and this would have influenced the religious landscape of the region, including Cunningham.
The Roman Empire | The Legend of King Arthur
The Awntyrs off Arthure at the Terne Wathelyn | Late 14th century