Latin: Ratae Corieltauvorum
Old English: Legaceaster, Ligora-ceastre
Leicester is the largest city in the East Midlands region of England, and the county town of Leicestershire.
Mentioned in Vulgate II, this subkingdom presumably corresponds to modern Leicestershire.
Leicester | 0 to 800 AD
Leicester, known as Ratae Corieltauvorum during the Roman period, was founded around 50 AD as a Roman military outpost on the Fosse Way, a major Roman road in Britain. The town grew into a thriving Roman settlement and served as an important administrative and trading center in the region. Roman Leicester had a forum, public baths, a basilica, and other typical Roman amenities. The Romans occupied Leicester until the early fifth century when their control over Britain began to decline.
With the decline of Roman rule, Leicester became part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia in the sixth century. During this time, Leicester was known as Ligora-ceastre or Legaceaster in Old English. It continued to be an important center for trade and administration within the Mercian kingdom.
Viking Raids and Danelaw
In the late eighth and early ninth centuries, Viking raids and invasions began to impact the region, including Leicester. The Danelaw, a region under Viking control, included parts of Mercia, and Leicester may have been under Viking influence during certain periods.
Christianity began to spread in Leicester during the Anglo-Saxon period, and by the seventh century, the town had its own Christian community. St. Martin’s Church, which still stands today, is one of the oldest churches in England and has Saxon origins.
Historia Regum Britanniae | Geoffrey of Monmouth, c. 1138
Roman de Brut | Wace, c. 1155
Brut | Layamon, late 12th century to mid-13th century