Nightbringer | The Arthurian Online Encyclopedia

Mount Etna

Italian: Monte Etna
Sicilian: Mungibeddu

Etna is one of the world’s most active and iconic volcanoes. It is located on the eastern coast of the island Sicily, Italy.

More normally associated with classical mythology, Mount Etna is considered by some to be one of the possible last resting places of Arthur. It seems likely that the Arthurian tales were carried to Sicily during the Norman occupation of that island.

Mount Etna | History

Ancient Accounts
The ancient Greeks, who settled in Sicily, left some of the earliest written records of Etna’s eruptions. The philosopher Empedocles (c. 490-430 BC) is said to have died during an eruption of Etna. The Roman poet Virgil (70-19 BC) also mentioned Etna’s eruptions in his work, including the famous Aeneid.

Roman Period
During the Roman era, Mount Etna continued to be active, and its eruptions were noted by various historians and writers of the time. The Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) described Etna’s eruptions in his work Naturalis Historia.

Medieval Period
Throughout the medieval period, Etna’s eruptions were documented by various chroniclers. The Arab geographer Al-Idrisi, who lived in the twelfth century, wrote about Etna’s activity during his time.

Renaissance and Modern Period
In the seventeenth century, scientists and observers began to study Etna more systematically. The eruption of 1669, in particular, was well-documented by contemporaries. Throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, numerous eruptions were observed and recorded. Scientists, including Sir William Hamilton, made significant contributions to the understanding of volcanic process.

20th Century
Etna continued to be active in the twentieth century, with eruptions occurring at various intervals. The eruptions sometimes posed threats to nearby communities. Modern monitoring techniques and scientific studies enhanced our understanding of Etna’s behavior.

See also
Mongibel | The Legend of King Arthur
Montegibel | The Legend of King Arthur