A major port city located on the south coast of England, in the county of Hampshire.
Southampton | 0 to 9th century AD
Roman Period | 1st – 5th century
In the first century AD, the Romans established the town of Clausentum on the site of present-day Southampton. Clausentum was a Roman settlement and port, likely serving as a base for the Roman fleet. Clausentum was part of the Roman province of Britannia. The Romans developed it as a key center for trade and communication.
Post-Roman Period | 5th – 9th centuries
With the decline and withdrawal of Roman influence from Britain in the fifth century, Clausentum faced changed. The area came under the influence of Anglo-Saxon settlers. The town’s Roman structures may have been abandoned or repurposed during this period.
Anglo-Saxon Period | 6th – 9th centuries
The Anglo-Saxons established control over the region, and Southampton became part of the Kingdom of Wessex. The town, known as Hamwic, became a prominent trading center during the later Anglo-Saxon period. It served as a link between Wessex and continental Europe. Hamwic was a bustling port with ties to the wider Anglo-Saxon trade network.
Viking Raids | 8th – 9th centuries
Southampton, like other coastal areas, faced Viking raids during the eighth and ninth centuries. Viking incursions affected the region and led to changes in local governance and defence.