NIGHTBRINGER | The Arthurian Encyclopedia



Thebes, or Luxor as it is called today is located on the east bank of the Nile River in Egypt, Africa.

This city was allied, according to the Alliterative Morte Arthure, to Lucius the Roman.

Thebes | 1st century BC to 9th century AD

Thebes was one of the most important cities in ancient Egypt. It was the capital of the New Kingdom of Egypt, which was a period of great prosperity and power.

Roman Period | 1st century BC – 4th century AD
During the Roman period, Thebes remained a key city in Egypt. It continued to be a center for religion, trade, and culture. Roman emperors, such as Augustus and Hadrian, made contributions to the city, including the construction and renovations of temples.

Byzantine Period | 4th – 7th centuries
Egypt came under Byzantine rule during the period commonly known as the Late Roman and Byzantine periods.

Early Christian Period | 4th – 9th centuries
With the spread of Christianity, Thebes, like other Egyptian cities, saw the construction of Christian churches and the influence of Christian religious figures. The rise of Christianity in Egypt marked a transition in the religious and cultural landscape.

Decline and Transformation
Thebes began to decline as a prominent city after the Roman period. Factors contributing to its decline included political changes, shifts in trade routes, and the rise of other cities in Egypt. As the city’s prominence waned, it transformed into a smaller settlement known as Luxor.

Archaeological Exploration
Thebes has been a site of extensive archaeological exploration and excavation. Many of its ancient monuments and temples have been uncovered and preserved, providing valuable insights into the history and culture of ancient Egypt.

Thebes was an important center for religion, culture and trade in ancient Egypt. Its legacy is still visible in the form of its remarkable temples, such as Karnak and Luxor, as well as the Valley of the Kings, which contains the tombs of numerous pharaos, including the tomb of Tutankhamun. Many pharaos and nobles of the New Kingdom were buried in this valley.

See also
Byzantine Empire | The Legend of King Arthur
Roman Empire | The Legend of King Arthur

Alliterative Morte Arthure | c. 1400