Nightbringer | The Arthurian Online Encyclopedia


Wiltshire is a county located in the South West of England, and the landscape includes the Salisbury Plain, which is known for its ancient monuments.

It was conquered in the early days of Arthur’s reign by Cheldric the Saxon, but Arthur later liberated it.

Wiltshire | 0 to the 9th century AD

Roman Period
During the first century AD, the Romans established a significant presence in the area that is now Wiltshire. They constructed roads and settlements, and the region was part of the Roman province of Britannia. The Roman road known as Ermin Way passed through Wiltshire, connecting the area to other parts of Roman Britain.

Anglo-Saxon Settlement
With the decline of the Roman Empire and the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the fifth century, the Anglo-Saxons began to migrate to the area that would become Wiltshire. They established settlements and communities, and by the sixth and seventh centuries, the region was part of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Wessex.

Viking Invasions
During the eighth and ninth centuries, Wiltshire, like many parts of England, experienced Viking raids and invasions. These incursions led to periods of instability and conflict in the region.

Place-Name Origins
Many place names in Wiltshire have Anglo-Saxon and Old English origins, reflecting the settlements and communities established during this period. These names provide insight into the early history and geography of the region.

Transition to Medieval Period
By the end of the ninth century, Wiltshire was part of the emerging English nation, which was gradually consolidating under the rule of the Anglo-Saxon kings.

Brut | Layamon, late 12th century to mid-13th century