Nightbringer | The Arthurian Online Encyclopedia



Aleppo is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It is located in northern Syria, not far from the border with Turkey.

One of many places visited by GahmuretPerceval’s father, during his Arabian adventures.

Aleppo | Before 0 to the 9th century AD

Ancient Origins
Aleppo has a long history, with evidence of human habitation dating back to at least the fourth millennium BC. By the third millennium BC, it was an established city known as Halab.

Roman and Byzantine Period
In the first century BC, Aleppo was incorporated into the Roman Empire. It became an important trading and administrative center, serving as a key link between the Mediterranean and Mesopotamia. During the Byzantine period, Aleppo continued to thrive as a commercial hub.

Islamic Conquest
Aleppo was captured by the Muslim Arab forces in the mid-seventh century, following the Islamic conquest of the region. Under Islamic rule, the city retained its importance as a trade and cultural center.

Umayyad Caliphate
Aleppo played a significant role during the Umayyad Caliphate (750-1258 AD), which saw the spread of Islamic culture and scholarship. Aleppo became known for its bazaars, markets, and trade connections, including the Silk Road.

Byzantine-Arab Conflicts
Aleppo was the site of numerous conflicts between the Byzantine Empire and the Arab-Muslim forces during the seventh and eighth centuries. The city changed hands several times during these conflicts.

Decline of the Umayyads
In the mid-eighth century, the Umayyad Caliphate began to weaken and eventually fell, leading to the Abbasid Caliphate’s rise to power. Aleppo continued to play a role in the political and economic landscape of the region.

See also
Arabia | The Legend of King Arthur

Parzival | Wolfram von Eschenbach, 1200–1210