Antwerp | 0 to the 9th century AD
During the Roman era, the region where Antwerp is located was part of the Roman province of Gallia Belgica. The Scheldt River, upon which Antwerp sits, was an important waterway for trade.
Merovingian and Carolingian Periods | 5th – 9th century
With the decline of the Roman influence in the fifth century, the region passed into the hands of various Germanic tribes. By the seventh century, the Frankish Kingdom, under the Merovingian dynasty, had control over the area.
The Carolingian dynasty, established with Charlemagne in the eighth century, continued Frankish rule. Antwerp was part of the broader political and administrative structures of the Carolingian Empire.
Viking Raids and Invasions | 9th century
The ninth century saw the Viking Age, during which Norse seafarers, known as Vikings, conducted raids and invasions along coastal and riverine areas of Europe. While the precise details of Antwerp during this time are not well-documented, it is likely that the city experienced the impact of Viking activities in the region.
Roman Empire | The Legend of King Arthur
Parzival | Wolfram von Eschenbach, 1200–1210