NIGHTBRINGER | The Arthurian Encyclopedia

Holy Roman Empire

Period: 800-1806 AD

The Holy Roman Empire was a complex political entity in central Europe, established with the coronation of Charlemagne as the first Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day in 800 AD.

The empire was not a direct continuation of the ancient Roman Empire but rather a successor state with its roots in the Carolingian Empire. It encompassed parts of modern-day Germany, Austria, Italy, and other territories.

The title of Holy Roman Emperor continued through various dynasties, including the Ottonian, Salian, Hohenstaufen, and Habsburg dynasties. The empire faced challenges from within, including struggles between emperors and the papacy, as well as external threats.

The Holy Roman Empire offically came to an end in 1806 when Francis II abdicated during the Napoleonic Wars. The dissolution marked the conclusion of a complex political entity that had endured for over a millennium.