NIGHTBRINGER | The Arthurian Encyclopedia


Lincolnshire is a county located in the East Midlands region of England. It is situated in eastern England and is bordered by several counties, including Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, Rutland, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, and South Yorkshire.

Lincolnshire | 0 to the 9th century AD

Roman Period | 1st – 5th centuries
Lincolnshire, situated within the larger Roman province of Britannia, experienced Roman influence. Roman roads, settlements, and fortifications were established in the area. The Romans founded several towns in Lincolnshire, including Lindum Colonia, modern-day Lincoln, which became an important administrative and trade center. The Fosse Way, a Roman road, passed through the county.

Post-Roman Period | 5th – 7th centuries
With the decline and withdrawal of Roman authority from Britannia in the early fifth century, the region entered a period of transition. The Roman infrastructure gradually fell into disuse. Like much of England, Lincolnshire faced incursions and settlements by Anglo-Saxon tribes during this time. The Anglo-Saxons established new communities and influenced the local culture.

Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms | 7th – 9th centuries
Lincolnshire was part of the historic Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Lindsey, which covered parts of modern-day Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, and South Yorkshire. Lindsey was one of the lesser-known Anglo-Saxon kingdoms.

The Spread of Christianity in Lincolnshire is associated with the Anglo-Saxon period. Christian communities, monasteries, and churches were established, contributing to the Christianization of the population.

Viking Raids | 8th – 9th centuries
In the late eighth and ninth centuries, Viking raids and invasions affected various parts of Britain, including Lincolnshire. The Danelaw had its own legal and administrative system, reflecting the coexistence of Norse and Anglo-Saxon traditions.

Alfred the Great and Wessex Influence | 9th century
King Alfred the Great of Wessex played a crucial role in resisting Viking invasions. His efforts contributed to the defense of Anglo-Saxon territories, including areas within Lincolnshire. The Treaty of Wedmore, signed in the late ninth century, established an agreement between Alfred and the Viking leader Guthrum. It delineated boundaries and brought a period of relative stability.