Nightbringer | The Arthurian Online Encyclopedia



Pembroke is a historic town located in Pembrokeshire, southwestern Wales.

Gawain’s grave was fabled to have been found in Pembroke.

Pembroke | 0 to 800 AD

Roman Period | c. 43 – 410 AD
The Romans invaded Britain in the first century AD and established control over the region. There is evidence of Roman presence in Wales, including fortifications and roads, but the specifics for Pembroke may be unclear.

Sub-Roman Period | c. 410 – 600 AD
The Roman Empire withdrew from Britain around 410 AD, leading to a period of instability and changes in political and social structures. The emergence of various Celtic kingdoms and the influence of Irish settlers marked this era.

Anglo-Saxon and Viking Invasions | c. 600 – 800 AD
The Anglo-Saxons and Vikings conducted raids and settlements in parts of Britain, including Wales. Coastal areas were particularly susceptible to Viking raids, but the extent to which Pembroke was directly affected is uncertain.

Welsh Kingdoms
Wales during this time was characterized by the presence of various Welsh kingdoms, each with its own rulers. The area that is now Pembrokeshire was likely part of the Kingdom of Dyfed during this era.

The spread of Christianity was significant during this period, with the establishment of monasteries and churches. Saint David, the patron saint of Wales, played a role in the Christianization of the region.

The Welsh term “Penvro” refers to the historical region of Pembroke or Pembrokeshire. The word is a combination of pen, meaning “head” or “end.” and bro, meaning “region” or “country,” reflecting the area’s location as the “head” or “end” of the land.

Gesta Regum Anglorum | William of Malmesbury, 1125