Weogorneceaster, Wirecestre, Wirccester
Worcester | 0 to the 9th century AD
The site of present-day Worcester was known as Vertis during the Roman occupation of Britain, and there was a Roman settlement in the area. The Romans built roads and established a presence in the region.
After the Romans left Britain in the fifth century, the area that is now Worcester was settled by the Anglo-Saxons. The town’s name, “Weogoran ceaster,” reflects its Anglo-Saxon heritage. By the seventh century, Worcester had become a significant settlement in the Kingdom of Mercia.
In the early medieval period, Worcester developed as an important monastic and ecclesiastical center. It was home to the Worcester Cathedral, which became a significant religious institution.
Worcester, like other parts of England, experienced Viking raids and invasions during the eighth and ninth centuries. These invasions led to periods of instability and conflict in the region.
Incorporation into Wessex
By the end of the ninth century, during the reign of King Alfred the Great, Worcester became part of the expanding Kingdom of Wessex. Alfred and his successors sought to unify the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms and strengthen their defenses against Viking attacks.
Worcester is the correct spelling. The spelling “Worchester,” is likely a typographical error.
Historia Regum Britanniae | Geoffrey of Monmouth, c. 1138