NIGHTBRINGER | The Arthurian Encyclopedia


Worcestershire is a county in the West Midlands region of England. It is bordered by Staffordshire, Warwickshire, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, and Shropshire. The River Severn flows through the county.

Worcestershire | 0 to the 9th century

Roman Period | 1st – 5th centuries
During the Roman occupation of Britain, which began in the first century AD, Worcestershire was part of the larger province of Britannia. Roman settlements and roads were established in the region. The Roman road known as Ryknild Street passed through Worcestershire, connecting the Roman towns of Droitwich and Wroxeter.

Anglo-Saxon Settlement | 5th – 9th centuries
After the decline and withdrawal of Roman influence in the early fifth century, Anglo-Saxon tribes migrated to and settled in various parts of England, including Worcestershire. The area became part of the Kingdom of Hwicce, a sub-kingdom within the larger Kingdom of Mercia.

Viking Raids | 8th – 9th centuries
Like many parts of England, Worcestershire experienced Viking raids during the eighth and ninth centuries. Vikings targeted monasteries and settlements along rivers. The town of Worcester itself was attacked during the Viking invasions.

King Alfred and the Burghal Hidage
In response to Viking raids, King Alfred the Great implemented defensive measures known as the Burghal Hidage in the late ninth century. This involved the construction of fortified settlements (burhs) to defend against Viking incursions. Worcester was one of the burhs established during this time.