Gascoigne, Gascoyne, Gaskoyne

A territory in southwest France.

According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, Duke Hoel conquered it as part of Arthur’s campaign in Gaul. Rulers in other sources include Hardiz (Wolfram), Aramont (Prose Lancelot), Ladon (Claris et Laris), Bors (Welsh Triads), and the Hunting Knight (Irish tale).

According to Arthour and MerlinUther Pendragon acquired it from HarinanIgerne’s first husband; in Heinrich von dem Türlin’s Diu Crône, Gascony is also represented as part of Uther’s kingdom.

In the Irish Arthurian tale, The Visit of Grey Ham, the Hunting Knight is the son of the King of Gascony. In Welsh tradition Gascony is the kingdom of the elder Bors.

In La Tavola Ritonda, the King of Guascogna was slain by Lancelot during Arthur’s tournament at Leverzep. The name is a variation of Gascony.